b'LEGISLATIVE REPORT:More Stringent Air Emissions LEGISLATIVERules Are on the Horizonin CaliforniaED WELCH // PVA LEGISLATIVE DIRECTORS tricterairemissionrequirementsfromSubsequently, CARB has conducted periodicgranted by the Clean Air Act, EPA mandates passenger vessels and other harborcraftpublic webinars.Another such webinar tookthat the percentage of sulfur in marine fuels in California may be on the way.Theplace on March 16, 2021.mustbethelowestintheworld.Also,to Golden State already has the toughest vesselsuppress emissions of nitrogen oxide (NOx), a emissions rules in the nation, but the staffofnew engine sold for installation on a passenger the California Air Resources Board (CARB)If adopted, thevessel must be classifi ed as Tier 3 or Tier 4 contends that when the states existing rulesproposed rules willdepending on the vessels size or horsepower. arefullyimplementedby2023,emissionsA higher-tier classifi cation means that the NOx fromcommercialharborcraftwillstillposecertainly imposeemissions are fewer.With limited exceptions, signifi cant health risks and contribute regionalhuge fi nancialhowever,thefederalruledoesnotmandate air quality impacts.Therefore, says the CARBthat a vessel operator remove an older engine staff ,furthermeasurestoreduceemissionsimpacts on PVAatanarbitrarydateandsubstituteanewer, must be adopted. vessel members,cleaner model.If adopted, the proposed rules will certainlyboth private andCaliforniasregulatoryapproachdiff ers impose huge fi impacts on PVA vesselfromthatofthefederalgovernment.Thenancial members, both private and public, that operatepublic, that operatestatescurrentCommercialHarborCraft vessels in California.Some existing vessels mayvessels in California. ruleisdesignedtoforcevesseloperatorsto be forced out of service in the state, an outcomeimproveemissionsperformanceofolder acknowledged by the CARB staff .engines or remove, retire, and replace them, even if they have not reached the end of their In 2018, CARB began an eff ort to tighten theForstatesotherthanCalifornia,vesselcommerciallifespan.Theruleincludesa current Commercial Harbor Craft rules.Inoperatorsmustcomplywithemissionscalendar specifying when a passenger vessels October2019,atthePVAWesternRegionrequirementsestablishedbytheU.S.engines must be upgraded so that they achieve meeting at Incline Village, Nevada, CARB staff Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).Thethe cleanest emissions standards.The most made a presentation on the possible measures.federal approach is twofold. Using authoritystraightforward method of doing so is to swap out the older engine with a new Tier 3 or Tier 4 model.Californias proposed new rule, if approved, Is Electricwillmandateadditionalmeasures,bothfor new vessels and even for existing for passenger Right Forvessels that have relatively new, lower-emissions You? engines.Undertheproposedregulation,newand existingvesselswithenginesof600kwor more will have to meet a performance standard equivalenttoaTier4enginecoupledwith a diesel particulate fi (DPF).For a vessellter withanengineoflessthan600kw,the performancestandardwillbeequivalentto that of a Tier 3 engine (or Tier 4 if available) plus a diesel particulate fi lter.According to the Lets talk about it CARB staff , this enhanced requirement will reduce emissions of particulate matter (soot) Torqeedo Inc. T +1 (815) 444 8806 by 85 percent compared to the current EPA 171 Erick Street, Unit A - 1 usa@torqeedo.com Tier 4 standard.However, despite optimism Crystal Lake, IL 60014 www.torqeedo.comLEGISLATIVE REPORT 28 FOGHORN'