b'FOGHORN FOCUSSTATEN ISLAND FERRYDURING CORONAVIRUSPANDEMIC IN 2020BY JAMES C. DESIMONE // SEAWARD MARITIMET year 2020 will be remembered by most as one of the he worst years in the history of mankind. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world will be felt for years to come in the memories of those who lost family members and/or friends; its impact on the healthcare community around the globe; and its devastation to the world economy and related social systems. One of the many industries to feel full brunt of the pandemic is this nations ferry sector. Not unlike other modes of mass transit, ferry systems across the nation have seen unprecedented declines in ridership and the related economic effects. Most ferry systems, both public and private, saw declines in ridership of as much as 90 percent. This, of course, has set the stage for a very uncertain future.In January 2020, I was the Chief Operating Officer of the Staten Island Ferry. Like most Americans, I was aware of a viral flu spreading in various parts of the world, but not much else. By the end of February, it was clear that the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, posed a serious threat to world health. During the first week in March, 12 months ago, all New York City agencies were directed by City Hall to review their operations insofar as supply chain requirements and identify any issues that might impact continuity of operations if the existing supply chains were disrupted. As we moved into the second week in March, we started receiving inquiries about our cleaning practices on the ferryboats and in the terminals. At this point in time, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority,thepublicbenefitcorporationresponsiblefor subways, buses and commuter rail systems with the metropolitan New York City area in the state of New York, announced that all subway cars would be thoroughly cleaned once every 72 hours, with specific emphasis on touch points. Based on this, we agreed to a similar cleaning regime and arranged to clean all ferryboats completely once every 72 hours. Other ferry operators announced enhancedcleaningaswell,withsometoutingonethorough cleaning once every 24 hours. At the time, COVID-19 resources available to us were primarily the websites of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Federal Transit Administration and the American Public TransportationAssociation,buttherewasverylittlespecific information available about the COVID-19 virus, such as: how FINANCE & TAXES 10 FOGHORN'