20 MAY 2017 • FOGHORN SPECIAL REPORT: SECURITY gplink_quarter.indd 1 1/6/2017 10:25:38 AM A fter a series of high profile accidents in the 1990s, the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security called upon the Federal Aviation Administration and the com- mercial aviation industry to collaborate in determining and mitigating systemic flaws in commercial operations. This col- laboration utilized forensic data from global commercial accidents and led to an 83% reduction in fatal airline accident rates between 1998-2008. In 2007, FAA and industry launched an additional ini- tiative to drive risk still lower through the formation of a public-private partner- ship called Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing (ASIAS). ASIAS collects, integrates, and analyzes FAA, industry, and com- mercial data sets to proactively identify and analyze safety issues before accidents occur. Enabling Maritime Safety Information Sharing and Analysis: Can an Airline Safety Program Enhance Passenger Vessel Safety and Security? By Jeffrey P. Novotny, Homeland Security Center, Borders, Transportation, Immigration Department, The MITRE Corporation This collaboration – which includes airlines, govern- ment agencies, and aircraft manufacturers – has led to numerous safety findings and solutions. Since the formation of ASIAS, The MITRE Corporation has served as a trusted third party in this partnership, stewarding the sensitive data and analyzing the risks. Fundamental to the success of ASIAS has been the establishment and reinforce- ment of trust between the government and industry participants. The first year of the initiative had just eight airlines participat- ing and contributing data. By 2016, more than 40 commercial airlines representing 99% of all U.S. departures participate in ASIAS. Beginning with six or seven shared data sets, ASIAS now comprises 35 diverse data sets that are used for proactive, systemic safety analysis. As of 2016, ASIAS results have led to 19 critical safety enhancements that are currently being implemented by airlines, aircraft manu- facturers, and the FAA. The potential for rapid implementa- tion of safety improvements has resulted in similar initiatives in the automotive arena and in healthcare safety. Information Analysis ASIAS resources include both public and non-public aviation data. Public data sources include, but are not limited to, air traffic management data related to traffic, weather, and procedures. Non-public sources include de-identified data from air traffic controllers and aircraft operators, including digital flight data and safety reports submitted by flight crews and maintenance personnel. Governance agreements with participating operators and owners of specific databases provideASIAS analysts with access to safety data. Governed by a broad set of agreements, ASIAS can query millions of flight data records and de-identified textual reports via a secure communications network. Information Sharing Trends in reported safety issues are developed and shared with participants. This information sharing raises awareness of potential safety issues for proactive management by the airline operators. Additionally, under the direction of an ASIAS Executive Board, which includes representatives from government and industry, ASIAS conducts analyses and directed studies in areas of assessments of safety enhance- ments, known risk monitoring, and vulnerability discovery. In the interest of enhancing aviation safety, the results of these analyses are shared with ASIAS participants. A FRAMEWORK FOR SAFETY INFORMATION SHARING • Data used solely for the advance- ment of safety – non-punitive reporting • Collected data from operator formats is de-identified • Collaborative approach balances interests of all participants • Analyses approved by Executive Board from operators, federal agencies, and manufacturers