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POWER AT WORK Capt. Pete built by Pan Isles Inc. powered by twin Scania 16-liter V8 engines Gulfport MS Complete and Committed. THE SCANIA MARINE SOLUTION. Out there confidence in performance reliability and operating economy are the only things that count. With this in mind we created the Scania marine solution An array of flexible options including ratings equipment instrumentation and transmissions. Whatever your specification we will provide you with the optimal Scania marine solution. Power at work every inch of the way. www.scaniausa.com NortheastGreat Lakes Mack Boring Parts Co. 908-964-0700 Northwest Western Canada Cascade Engine Center 206-764-3850 Southeast Kraft Power 800-394-0078 Southwest Boatswains Locker 949-642-6800 Gulf Coast NRE Power Systems 504-393-7272 CentralEastern Canada ADF Diesel 800-517-1489 DISTRIBUTORS PASSENGER VESSEL ASSOCIATION tel 1 800 807-8360 fax 703 518-5151 pvainfopassengervessel.com DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 3 Volume 14 Number 11 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN USPS Number 023-702 is published monthly except combined JanuaryFebruary by Philips Publishing LLC 2201 West Commodore Way Seattle WA 98199. Periodicals postage paid at Seattle WA and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER Send address changes to FOGHORN co Passenger Vessel Association 103 Oronoco Street Suite 200 Alexandria VA 22314. Copyright 2015 by the Passenger Vessel Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written consent of the Passenger Vessel Association. PRINTED WITH SOY INK FOGHORN Focus FOGHORN is a monthly publication of the Passenger Vessel Association. Copyright 2015. All rights reserved. President Dave Anderson Fire Island Ferries Bay Shore NY Vice-President Margo Marks Beaver Island Boat Company Charlevoix MI Secretary-Treasurer Jeff Whitaker Hudson River Cruises Inc. Kingston NY Board of Directors Bob Bijur Island Queen Cruises Miami FL Chip Collopy Shoreline Marine Company Chicago IL Jim DeSimone Staten Island Ferries Staten Island NY Gus Gaspardo Padelford Packet Boat Company St. Paul MN Bob Lawler Entertainment Cruises Boston MA Alison Nolan Boston Harbor Cruises Boston MA Bob Scribner Charleston Harbor Tours Charleston SC Coleen Stephens Stan Stephens Glacier and Wildlife Cruies Valdez AK Jim Swindler Golden Gate Ferries Larkspur CA Associate Member Representative Carl Micu John Deere Power Systems Waterloo IA Past Presidents Terri Bernstein BB Riverboats Newport KY Immediate PVA Past President Carolyn Horgan Blue Gold Fleet San Francisco CA PVA Past President Paul Belforti Entertainment Cruises Inc. Chicago IL PVA Past President Executive Director John R. Groundwater Legislative Director Edmund Welch Regulatory Affairs Consultant Peter Lauridsen Director of Finance Leslie Kagarise Director Public Affairs and Development Jennifer Wilk Director of Regulatory Affairs and Risk Management Eric Christensen General Counsel Steven Bers Whiteford Taylor and Preston Editorial Offices Managing Editor Karen Rainbolt pvafoghornaol.com 2771 Houston Dr. Los Osos CA 93402 tel 571 388-7752 Contributing Editor Richard Purinton richardwisferry.com Washington Island Ferry Line Washington Island WI Advertising and Business Offices Publisher Peter Philips peterphilipspublishing.com Advertising Sales Bill Forslund bill philipspublishing.com 2201 West Commodore Way Seattle WA 98199 tel 206 284-8285 fax 206 284-0391 www.philipspublishing.com Vessel Review and Preview 6 10 Lessons Learned from 30 Years in Passenger Vessel Design and Engineering Christina Villiott sits down with John Waterhouse who shares 10 important lessons of engineering and designing passenger vessels. What should you know before you build 10 PVA Review of New Vessels Delivered in 2015 and Preview of Vessels Under Construction Numerous new vessels have entered service this year and even more are in the works for next year and beyond. What new vessels are coming soon 20 Our Emerging Fleets Bob Shaw ponders the changing sizes and types of vessels now in service and where the industry may be heading next. Will you be ready About the Cover Travel restrictions to Cuba are changing. PVA Vessel member Spree Expeditions recently took passengers on a dive trip from Florida to Cuba aboard the MV Spree. Story page 24. Columns 4 Presidents Letter 5 Executive Directors Letter 18 PVA Calendar 22 Regulatory Report 24 Legislative Report 26 How PVA Benefits You 28 Safety Matters 30 New Members 31 Newswire 33 New Members 34 Advertisers Index 4 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN Family Businesses Can be Challenging to Employees and Ownership Family businesses can be somewhat of a challenge for the non-nepotistic employee. It is either embraced or there may be a struggle to survive. As a matter of fact mention the phrase family business to some people and you may get some pretty interesting reactions. Some may say they love working for a family business while others may grimace at horror stories theyve worked through. However like it or not family businesses do carry a certain connotation in the passenger vessel industry.Attracting top employees to a family business can be a challenge.Addressing concerns and promoting the positive aspects of a family business work environment is essential in acquiring and keeping top personnel. In many cases the propensity of family-owned busi- nesses fail by the time the founders grandchildren have taken charge. In contrast some founders of family- owned companies make their children feel obligated to join the company which can backfire by creating a crop of managers who arent interested in being there. More often parents emphasize that their offspring are free to join the business if they so choose. If the company is suc- cessful the children are likely to have been raised with good ethics despite wealth broadening their choice to be a part of the business or not. Generally this situation usually translates into an unspoken promise that theres always a place for generational heirs which can lead children to treat the business as a fallback option. Its natural for a family business to welcome members of the next generation and its healthy to expose them to the company at an early age so that they can make an informed decision about whether to pursue a career within. But a job with the company should not be an entitlement. Most successful family businesses formally require their offspring to earn a university degree and possibly a graduate degree before working for the business. When family members enter the business they are often given roles they may not be qualified for. This often occurs because the owner wants a family member to keep tabs on each department or simply because the owner wants the family member to grow into executive roles. The family may understand the reasons but employees usually do not. This becomes difficult for employees to feel good about following directions from someone who doesnt know much about the business. For this reason many owners rely heavily on their non- family workforce to be the eyes and ears of their opera- tions. They recognize them as being the heavy lifters and ensuring continuity within and outside the workplace. Challenging for a family business es- pecially when we refer to a small business is how to retain your good employees. The greatest threat is losing their best and brightest to their competition which poten- tially could be a large crux of their talented workforce. Equally a small business is chal- lenged with how to compete with the big box employers and the advantages of their current workforce transitioning to positions within the public sector which can offer better health care and retirement pension plans which are not funded by the employee but rather the state local or federal governments. One thought looming is if they cant move up they will move out. PVA member companies represent a large portion of family-owned-and-operated businesses and owners must sell to their employees the benefits of working for small family businesses and the positives associated with it. In big corporations employees rarely see the big boss. They have no real connection to the person who runs the company. In a family business the opposite is true. Employees often have a daily connection to the owner. They have the opportunity to hear about what is important to the owner how the company is doing and what lies ahead. There is comfort in that closeness to the source. In this day of huge corporate layoffs mergers and acquisitions employees often fear what will happen in the future. While family businesses are not immune from these events many employees feel that they have a better chance of avoiding the corporate takeover by working for a smaller family-owned business. Having worked for family businesses for over 36 years has afforded me a warm caring and rewarding atmosphere. Many owners started their business because they wanted a place for their family to work and for employees to thrive and be warmly welcomed feeling like they are part of the family. Many of our PVA vessel members are family businesses and tend to be relatively small in size. From a non-family employee standpoint if you are a generalist as opposed to a spe- cialist this can be a benefit. However you may forced to be wearing more hats than most. Very respectfully Dave Anderson President n LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT Dave Anderson DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 5 LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR John Groundwater Washington D.C. A Capital City Everyone knows that Washington D.C. as being our Nations Capital. They know that it is home to all three branches of our federal government the Legislative Executive and Judicial. It is also known for its extraordi- nary museums striking monuments and its beautiful architecture. It is also recognized worldwide as a cosmopolitan destination with a broad menu of attractions and enter- tainment. A City of Compromise But did you know that the site of our Nations Capital was chosen as a compromise by George Washington to appease the wishes of both Northern and Southern politicians Did you know that the site of the Nations Capital was actually carved out of a swamp that spanned the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers Further did you know that Washington D.C. was designed by Pierre LEnfant a Frenchman who wanted the city to be reminiscent of Paris France And that the design of the city was then completed by Benjamin Banneker a self-taught African American mathematician. All of this is true and more. Washington D.C. was established in 1790 as our Nations Capital by the Constitution of the United States. The following year George Washington and Pierre LEnfant set about choosing sites for the Capitol building which would house both chambers of Congressand the Presidents Palace which would later be referred to as the White House. Long considered a Southern city Washington D.C. was also a major port and commercial center framed by bustling ports in Georgetown and Alexandria VA. The Potomac River which flows into the Chesapeake Bay was an important regional and commercial navigation route. These waterfronts were constantly lined with sailing ships of all kinds bringing in good and products that were much needed in the growing nation. In fact stone ballast from these ships still line several streets in the region. The Potomac River was also home to numerous ferries in the 18th and 19th centuries. These ferries provided ways for passengers and goods and services to easily cross the Potomac River. During the War of 1812 the British burned much of Washington D.C. including the White House. City Hall in nearby Alexandria at the time a part of the District of Columbia was also burned by invading British Forces. But the city was eventually rebuilt and placed on a track for revival and growth. A Captivating Destination Today Washington D.C. is home to ap- proximately 500000 residents. It has become a busy and powerful city that is driven by both national and international politics. Washington D.C. has a cosmopolitan atmo- sphere with fine dining and sophisticated entertainment offerings. It is also a family- friendly city with many free attractions and activities. Whether visiting the numerous museums of the Smithsonian Institution to neighborhood walking tours where historical events actually occurred to monuments honoring numerous PresidentsArlington National Cemetery Fords Theater and even Mount Vernon there is always something exciting to do. PVA Annual Convention at MariTrends 2016 Washington D.C. is also the site of the upcoming PVAAnnual Convention at MariTrends 2016 scheduled January 23-26 at the Hyatt Regency Crystal City. Against the electrifying back-drop of Washington D.C. this years convention will give you an opportunity to gather with your colleagues and peers in the passenger vessel industry interact with key government officials and leaders and get the latest information that will assist you in taking your business to the next level. General Sessions Set the Tone Throughout the convention you can expect thought-provoking General Session speakers who will share with you their insights and opinions about important business and regulatory trends. This year we are fortunate that Vice Admiral Charles D. Michel who is Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard will open our convention with a keynote speech addressing future Coast Guard priori- ties and challenges. Of course his viewpoints are of par- ticular interest to our industry which works so closely with Coast Guard on a variety of fronts. Meet and Greet the Fleet The 2016 PVAConvention Planning Committee is also hard at work planning a Meet and Greet the Fleet event for this years convention. Weather permitting vessels from local and regional operators will be co-located that convention attendees may tour meet with owners and interact with builders and vendors all in one location. LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR CONTINUED ON PAGE 34 ViceAdmiral Charles D.Michel 6 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW W hether youre new to passenger vessel design or a veteran design expert the learning process is continual and the lessons invaluable. No one understands this better than my co-worker John Waterhouse PE SNAME Fellow and esteemed passenger vessel expert. Between crisscrossing the country and over- seeing new passenger vessel design projects to represent- ing the industry internationally John is an exceptionally busy man so I was delighted to catch up with him to explore some of the most significant lessons he has learned over his more than three-decades-long career. Arming John with a fresh cup of coffee I sat down with him in his office and prepared to receive his thoughts on the ten most important points to consider when designing a new vessel 1.Take your time and dont rush the process. Designing a new vessel is a significant investment and it goes without saying that its cheaper to design on paper than it is with steel and well worth taking the time to get the design right. This brings us to lesson number two. 2.Play with ideas and dont rush to a conclusion. John suggests that you look at what others are doing and explore different concepts and arrangements. In so doing its entirely possible that you may discover something new along the way that could greatly benefit your operation. 3.Define your priorities. What is most important to the business case behind the new vessel price quality or schedule Of course all three factors are critical but once you understand which of these is most likely to inform your choices it will be easier to stay focused on your goals and keep the design spiral moving in the right direction. Having well-defined priori- ties at the outset will go a long way toward ensuring that they are also met at the shipyard. 4.Challenge your design team. This includes the shipyard John says. Your design team and shipyard associates are extremely creative people who possess expert knowledge and solid innovative ideas. Take advantage of their expertise by encouraging them to bring their best concepts to the table ideas you can mutually nurture on your next project. 5.Be realistic about budget. Identify and dare I say share the budget number youd like to target and know the number that you absolutely positively cant go beyond. This information will prove in- valuable when it comes to making difficult choices about which ship features are nice to have and have to have. Additionally a realistic grasp of your budgetary con- straints will aid in keeping your team within the design parameters and focused on the projects overall goals. 6.Work your network. Learn from the mistakes of others and benefit from their discoveries. John suggests that you talk to other operators and major equipment suppliers about your project. As we all know the marine industry is a small tight-knit community. For the most part we are friends with our competitors and we all care about the health of our industry therefore many of us are more than willing to share experiences that will benefit our fellow mariners. 7.Know your limits. John says its important to understand how far your knowledge extends and conversely when you require input from others. People wont know your business so dont pretend to know theirs. You may excel at operating a dinner boat but you may not be an expert at laying out a galley full of modern food service equipment. 8.Examine the margins. For each new design project naval architects include margins. They apply margins to weight speed and passenger capacities and include them in price and schedule. Understanding how these margins will affect cost for construction and operation as well as your ex- pectations is crucial. For example does the vessel need a speed of 17 knots when 15 knots work just as well Does the ship need to be built in 12 months rather than 18 months 9.Getem onGetem off. Passenger vessel design is all about getting people in out and around a ship. The fluid movement of passen- gers on board a vessel drives designers to reflect carefully on the arrangement of a ships passageways stairs and elevators as well as the widths of doorways and a whole host of other factors including evacuation in case of emergency. When considering a vessel design look at the space allocated for access versus revenue and think smart about getting passengers on and off. 10.Remembernothing is perfect. A new vessel design is a series of compromises worked 10 Lessons Learned from 30 Years in Passenger Vessel Design Engineering By Christina Villiott Elliott Bay Design Group Fast and Smooth Quickshift Technology Expansive Global Service Network Complete Propulsion Systems Unparalleled Reliability WE PUT HORSEPOWER TO WORK Operate Fast and Smooth Quickshift Expansive Global Service Network Complete Propulsion Systems Unparalleled Reliability with twindisc.com with confidence 8 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW out between the owneroperator naval architect and the shipyard. The result is the creation of a unique vessel a prototype. If something about your prototype doesnt meet your expectations dont be afraid to push back just make sure your expectations are realistic. Last but certainly not least John offered one more tip to impart a grand total of 11 lessons distilled from 30 years of passenger vessel expertise have fun Conceiving of designing and building a passenger vessel is a challenging and intensely creative process and like all such endeavors can bring great satis- faction and a sense of pride. So enjoy yourselfBut who needs to tell PVA members that n About the Author Christina Villiott CPSM joined Elliott Bay Design Group EBDG in 2001 and currently serves as Vice President of Sales and Marketing. In this role she leads the companys marketing and sales initiatives. John W. Waterhouse PE PMP is EBDGs Vice President Chief Concept Engineer and resident passenger vessel expert. With over thirty years of experience in naval architecture and marine engineering he has made significant contributions to the passenger vessel industry through innovative design and engineering achievement. EBDG which is headquartered in Seattle and has offices in New Orleans and Ketchikan AK provides naval architecture marine engineering and production support services to maritime industry. Oshore support vessels Passenger ferries Naval Military vessels VIKING LIFE-SAVING EQUIPMENT Americas Inc. 1400 NW 159St. Suite 101 . 33169 Florida . Miami . U.S.A. Tel 1 305 614-5800 . Fax 1 305 614-5810 . e-mail usasalesVIKING-life.com WWW.VIKING-LIFE.COM Call us toll free at 855 240-3473 or contact your local distributor USCG has stipulated in the proposed regulations that as of 26 February 2016 all commercial vessels sailing in US coastal waters must have an approved survival craft onboard that ensures no part of an individual is immersed in water. This means that basic life floats and similar systems must be phased out and replaced by approved craft for the vessel to meet the new requirement. 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Racks and ramps are available for larger sizes For Commercial Fishing and Offshore Support Vessels 10 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW O nce again the number of new builds entering the U.S. passenger vessel market demonstrates a flourishing industry. Vessels of all typesferries overnight cruise ships sightseeing vesselshave either already entered into service this year or will in the next 12 to 24 months. Heres a roundup of many of the new vessels that were delivered in 2015. PVA Review of New Vessels Delivered in 2015 And Preview of Vessels Under Construction By Karen Rainbolt FOGHORN Managing Editor Chesapeake Shipbuilding Delivers American Eagle Chesapeake Shipbuilding delivered the 150-passenger overnight cruise ship to American Cruise Lines Guilford CT. The American Eagle the new paddlewheeler is the only cruise ship built in the United States in the last year. The American Eagle was built to offer guests the finest way to experi- ence the longest river system in North America. The vessel also features 21st century technology and first class amenities oversized staterooms with sliding glass doors private balconies and multiple lounges. Powering the new riverboat are three Caterpillar C-32 main engines with stern mounted Z-drive units from ZF Marine. The American Eagle will be the fastest and most efficient riverboat on the Mississippi. It also has three Caterpillar C18 marine generators producing a combined 1275kw. Scarano Builds New Vessel for Classic Harbor Line The Manhattan II is the newest addition to the New York-based Classic Harbor Lines New York City fleet. Built by Scarano Boat Building which is affiliated with the vessel operation the new yacht was com- missioned and built to facilitate the growing presence in New York City. At 100 feet overall the Manhattan II is certified to hold up to 134 pas- sengers and is equipped with a full galley bar and appointed with fine wood finishes. All entertaining is on the main deck. The vertical height of just 22 feet was deliberate so that the vessel can fully circumnavigate the island of Manhattan on public and private tours of the Big Apple. Sir Winston Luxury Yachts MV Grand Floridian The Grand Floridian a vessel designed by DeJong Lebet Inc. for Sir Winston Luxury Yacht Charters Alva FL will be operated in Fort Lauderdale by Charter One Yachts. Grand Floridian is U.S. Coast Guard certificated under Subchapter K and measures less than 100 gross tons. The vessel is licensed to carry 560 passen- gers on protected waters and 340 pas- sengers on partially protected waters. The Grand Floridian features three mooring spuds. These spuds allow the vessel to be moored at virtually any location that will accommodate her shallow 5-10 draft without needing a dock. She can be moored next to any dock without being tied to it or she can be moored offshore. The vessel has a draft of 6-4 fully loaded and carries 4000 gallons of fuel 4500 gallons of potable water and sanitary holding tank capacity of 3800 gallons. The hull features a bulbous bow and Manhattan II built by Scarano Boats for Classic Harbor Line. DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 11 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW has bilge keels to help dampen vessel motions. The 128-foot vessel features five levels that are accessible by passen- gers via elevator and offers both indoor and outdoor seating and viewing areas. The vessel was constructed in Florida and is powered by a pair of 375-HP John Deere 6090 diesels with ZF Marine gears. The vessel features a 24 diameter 110 HP hydraulic powered bow thruster by IMTRASide Power. Propellers and marine gears were provided by ZF Marine. Electrical power is provided by two 99 kW John Deere 4045 genera- tors. The main switchboard was provided by IEM Marine Power Systems. Wendella Sightseeings Lucia Was Built by Burger Boat Company Wendella Sightseeing Boats Chicago IL took delivery of its newest vessel Lucia over the summer. Designed by PVA Associate member Timothy Graul Marine Design and built by PVA Associate member Burger Boat Company Lucia is an 89-ft steel passenger vessel. Lucia designed by Timothy Graul Marine Design was launched earlier in the season and has a passenger capacity of 340 guests who will enjoy tours specialty cruises and private events on two decks. Lucia is a certified-U.S. Coast Guard Subchapter K vessel and is powered by two Caterpillar C12 main engines and has two Northern Lights generators. The Grand Floridiana vessel designed by DeJong and LebetInc.NavalArchitectsJacksonsvilleFLfor Sir Winston LuxuryYacht ChartersAlvaFL. Lucia.built by Burger Boat Company for Wendella Sightseeing Boats. 12 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW King County Water Taxi Takes Delivery of Two Vessels Built by All American Marine King County Marine Division Seattle WA has taken delivery from shipbuilder All American Marine two new ferries constructed this year. The Sally Fox and Doc Maynard were ordered by King Countys Marine Division as replacement vessels for its scheduled water taxi service. Sally Fox is the first U.S. Coast Guard Subchapter K inspected passenger vessel built and delivered under the new 5A Space Performance Guidelines issued in a Memorandum regarding NVIC 9-97 Ch-1. The Memorandum is a result of the Quality Partnership working group between the U.S. Coast Guard and the Passenger VesselAssociation. The new 5A Space Performance Guidelines make it possible for boat builders to design and implement suitable structural fire protection in very low fire load spaces in the con- struction of weight-sensitive high speed passenger vessels. The Sally Fox operates in the Puget Sound while its sister vessel Doc Maynard which was delivered in September operates from West Seattle to downtown. Each 105 x 33 aluminum catamaran features an advanced hull shape that was custom designed using digital modeling and Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD analysis testing. The hull design is complemented by a wave piercer that is positioned between the catamaran sponsons to break up wave action and ensure reduced drag while enhancing passenger comfort. The water taxis are powered by twin Cummins QSK-50 tier III engines rated 1800 bhp 1900 rpm to provide a service speed of 28 knots. The design features interior seating for 250 with 28 additional outdoor seats available on the upper aft deck. The layout of each passenger deck was configured to help streamline the boarding and disembarking process. The main decks are ADA-accessible and the cabin includes designated seating areas for those with disabili- ties. Aft decks include a staggered height bicycle storage rack with ac- commodation for 26 bicycles. As an environmentally friendly alternative to paint the decks are covered with peel-and-stick non-slip tread and the exterior of the superstructure is wrapped in UV-stable vinyl. Waterways Cruises Adds to its Fleet Waterways Cruises and Events Seattle WA expanded its fleet of dining yachts during the busiest summer season in the companys history with the acquisition of the West Star. Waterways Cruises brings dining experiences and sightseeing opportunities to Lake Union and Lake Washington. The West Star an elegant 77-foot yacht accommodating up to 125 guests is an ideal dining venue for weddings celebrations corporate events and public dinner cruises features two comfortable dining salons and spacious open-air decks. Custom built for its mission the West Star recently arrived in Seattle after a 6000-mile voyage from Naples FL. New Ferry Joins Washington State Ferries Fleet The 144-car Samish has officially taken its place amid Washington states ferry system. On April 10 Washington State Ferries Seattle WA accepted the Sally Fox was built byAllAmerican Marine for King County WaterTaxi. C M Y CM MY CY CMY K SCA0089A Ad - Foghorn.pdf 1 11172015 123320 PM DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 13 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW ITS ALL ABOUTTHE FACTS I love having a world of ideas at my fingertips Sandy Scudder IT Manager for Hyline Cruises Cape Cod revels in being able to capitalise on the new functions and features that are constantly being added to CarRes. With the global client base using CarRes we are able to benefit from their experiences and developments as well as coming up with our own. Booking Check-in Systems for the Global Ferry Industry Carus PBS Ab Ltd P.O. Box 195 FIN-22101 Mariehamn Phone 358 20 7107 800 E-mail infocaruspbs.com Web www.caruspbs.com Samish from buildercontractor Vigor Industrial. The new ferry began serving the AnacortesSan Juan Islands route in June. Along with more space for tall vehicles the 126 million Samish offers an ADA-compliant car-deck restroom flexible seating configurations improved heating and ven- tilation and wider stairwells and passageways. The new ferrys name comes from a tribal word meaning giving people. It is the second of three funded Olympic Class vessels to replace the aging midcentury- era Evergreen State Class vessels. NY Waterway Takes Delivery of New Yank Marine-built Ferry Weehawken NJ-based NY Waterways newest ferry the Molly Pitcher is in service offering commuters in the metropolitan New York City area a fresh ride. Built by Yank Marine the Molly Pitcher is U.S. Coast Guard-licensed for 400 passengers with seating for 350 passengers in fully climate-controlled cabins. The vessel is 109 feet long and 32 feet wide and draws just six feet reducing the need for dredging. There is outside open deck space on both the lower and upper deck. Powered by Samish entered service for Washington State Ferries. Molly Pitcher.is NYWaterways newest ferry. 14 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW Find your local sales rep at www.portsupply.comcontact-us or email us at aisportsupply.com for more information. USCG regulations have changed Know which AIS device you need. em-trak A100 AIS Class A Transceiver Fully USCG certified for all commercial vessel installations at deep sea and in coastal and inland waters. Single unit solution Small and lightweight Rmax technology for high performance Simple to install and configure Rugged design Intuitive user interface Model 12333944 Commercial vessels in United States waters must have a USCG-certified Class A or B AIS transceiver operational at all times by March 2016. PVA Member Price 1798 twin EPATier 3-compliant engines the vessel has a service speed of 28 knots about 33 mph making it among the fastest boats operating in New York-area waters. The interiors designed were by Directions in Design. NY Waterway operates the largest privately-owned commuter ferry service in the U.S. carrying 30000 passenger trips per day eight million trips per year on 33 boats serving 21 routes between New Jersey and Manhattan and between four counties. MV Oscar B Is Wahkiakum Countys Newest Ferry Construction of the MV Oscar B a vessel designed by Elliott Bay Design Group EBDG and built by Nichols Brothers Boat Builders was delivered in February for Wahkiakum County WA. The steel-hulled aluminum su- perstructure vessel replaces a smaller older ferry. The new vessel is a 115 ft. by 47.6 ft. 23-car 100-passenger ferry. The vessel will run between ferry terminals in Cathlamet WA and Westport OR. Were proud to play a role in helping provide this vital trans- portation link for the communi- ties of Cathlamet and Westport said EBDG Project Manager Curt Leffers. The new Oscar B is nearly twice the size of its predecessor. Designed to operate at eight knots the ferry is powered by two state- of-the-art Cummins QLS diesels each delivering 285 HP 1800 RPM and coupled to ZF Marine reversing reduction gears with two fixed-pitched propellers. In addition to its expanded vehicle capacity the Oscar B offers hydraulic steering instead of cable and chain steering up-to-date electronics a passenger lounge and ADA-accessible restrooms. The vessel meets current Coast Guard requirements. A new ferry crossing between Washington and Oregon on the Columbia River was built by Nichols Brothers Boat Builders of FreelandWashington and to replace a smaller ferry built in 1962. Photo by Peter Marsh courtesy of Pacific Maritime Magazine. DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 15 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW Vessels Under Construction for Delivery in 2016 and Beyond Gladding-Hearn to Build a Fast Ferry for Hy-Line Cruises Hy-Line Cruises a division of Hyannis Harbor Tours Inc. Hyannis MA will soon be welcoming a new 493-passenger high-speed catamaran from Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding the Duclos Corporation. This Incat- Crowther fast ferry built by the Mass.-based shipyard for the Cape Cod passenger ferry company will provide year-round passenger service between Hyannis and Nantucket Island. Delivery is scheduled for 2016. The all-aluminum ferry is 153.5 feet long 34.5 feet at the beam and draws approximately 8 feet loaded. The vessel will be powered by four Cummins QSK60-M EPA Tier 3 diesel engines each delivering 2200 Bhp at 1800 rpm. Each engine will be propelled by a Hamilton HM721 water jet through a Twin Disc MG61500SC horizontally-offset gearbox. The ferrys top speed will be over 30 knots when fully loaded. In the event of a failure of one of the propulsion systems the vessel can continue to operate using full power from the remaining three engines. This kind of margin and redun- dancy is just prudent business for a ferry that will operate close to 5000 hours per year said Gladding-Hearn President Peter Duclos. Each hull will be equipped with a 125 kW Cummins QSB7-DM EPS Tier 3 generator. Beurteaux designed the seating placed throughout the catamaran. Alaska Marine Highway System Is Building Two Ferries with Vigor Alaska Alaska Marine Highway System is building two new ferries which are being constructed by Member Vigor Alaska at its Ketchikan Shipyard for 101.5 million. The project will add 150 jobs and four years of year-round employment to Ketchikans maritime workforce. They will be the first state ferries and the largest ships to ever be built in Alaska. The vessels are scheduled for delivery in 2018. Each ferry will be 280 feet long seat up to 300 passengers and carry 53 vehicles. The ferries will feature bow and stern doors for quicker loading and unloading fully enclosed car decks and controllable pitch propel- lers to maximize maneuverability and efficiency.Amodified hull design will greatly improve traveler comfort during rough weather. Increased sales through our multiple low to no cost marketing plans. Decreased operating cost by eliminating redundancy and automating workflow for better efficiency. Flexible management tools to give you the ultimate control over your sales and operations. DESTINATION MANAGER THE COMPLETE SALES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM www.vts-no.com Formally Virtual Ticketer No Risk Free Trial Tim Eversole Director of Sales and Support teversolevts-no.com Tel 504 840-9800 X 113 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 113 Cell 859 652-9885 YOUR COMPLETE TICKETING SOLUTION. Michael Brydon Director of Sales and Support mbrydonvts-no.com Tel 504 840-9800 X 101 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 101 Cell 504 914-7334 Gordon Stevens President CEO New Orleans Steamboat Company Gray Line Tours We have been using the Virtual Ticketer for six years and have been extremely pleased with the product software and service. We give this reservation system our very highest recommendation. ................................................................................................. Hugh Mackenzie General Manager hmacktic.ca Kingston 1000 Islands Cruises and Trolley The advantage with Ticketer is that its client based. This allows us to provide a customer multiple events packages or services all under one reservation which has contributed to our success. ......................................................................................... Rose M. Christian Treasurer Native Son Ferry The Virtual Ticketer has increased our revenues with new sales capabilities and has helped us better manage our company by streamlining our operations. Increased sales through our multiple low to no cost marketing plans. Decreased operating cost by eliminating redundancy and automating workflow for better efficiency. Flexible management tools to give you the ultimate control over your sales and operations. DESTINATION MANAGER THE COMPLETE SALES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM www.vts-no.com Formally Virtual Ticketer No Risk Free Trial Tim Eversole Director of Sales and Support teversolevts-no.com Tel 504 840-9800 X 113 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 113 Cell 859 652-9885 YOUR COMPLETE TICKETING SOLUTION. THE VIRTUAL TICKETER 16 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW NY Waterway to Receive Second Yank Marine-built Ferry The Betsy Ross sister ship to the Molly Pitcher see page 13 will soon be delivered to NY Waterway Weehawken NJ by Yank Marine. The Betsy Ross will be similar in design to the Molly Pitcher as a U.S. Coast Guard-licensed vessel for 400 pas- sengers. Delivery is expected by early spring. DeJong Lebet to Design Vessel for New Orleans Steamboat Company Gordon Stevens President CEO of New Orleans Steamboat Company and Gray Line Tours New Orleans LA said in September that the operation has engaged the marine architectural firm DeJong Lebet to begin designing a new vessel. The vessel will be160 long and 36 wide with three passenger decks a dining room that can seat 200 pas- sengers and a full service galley and bars. The new boat will have the traditional steamboat look with stacks bow stages and shear and camber in the decks. It will be licensed by the Coast Guard to carry 600 passengers. The new boat will complement the companys flagship vessel the Natchez running harbor cruises dinner cruises and private charters. The new dinner boat should be completed and sailing in New Orleans in late 2017. Kvichak Marine to Build Two WETA Ferries Kvichak Marine Industries a Vigor Industrial Company was awarded a contract by the Water Emergency Transportation Authority WETA San Francisco CA for the design and construction of two all- aluminum 400-passenger ferries. The new vessels will replace two of WETAs 12 vessels that are approaching the end of their expected life. The Vessel Replacement project is part of the ongoing fleet renewal process which will enable WETA to provide reliable service across our system and enhance our customers experience when traveling or commuting across the Bay said Nina Rannells WETA executive director. We look forward to working with Kvichak to enhance our fleet of passenger ferries. Designed by PVA Associate member Incat Crowther the 135 x 38 all-aluminum catamarans will feature MTU 12V4000 M64 EPATier III engines rated 1950 BHP 1830 1 920.686.5117 salesburgerboat.com burgerboat.comcommercial Burger is recognized worldwide for quality custom vessels that provide years of dependable service. Quality Commercial Vessels... Built by Burger to Your Requirements Aluminum and Steel Fabrication Passenger Vessels Research Vessels Fast Crew Boats Fast Supply Boats Wind Farm Support Vessels Fishing Vessels Other Vessels to 260 80m RV ARCTICUS Delivered October 2014 CHICAGOS CLASSIC LADY Delivered May 2014 LUCIA Delivered June 24 2015 89 27m Steel Passenger Vessel Proudly built in the USA See us at M ariTrends 2016 Jan 23-26 Booth 11 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 17 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW RPM coupled with ZF7600 reduction gears as the propulsion system. An exhaust after treatment system will also be included. Kvichak awarded Nichols Brothers Boat Builders the subcontract to provide the bolt-on superstructure for the project. The vessels are expected to be in service the summer of 2017. Washington State Ferry New Ferry Is a Team Effort by Vigor and Nichols Brothers Boat Builders Washington State Ferrys newest ferry to join its fleet is a team effort between two Washington State boat builders Vigor Industrial and Ice Floe LLC dba Nichols Brothers Boat Builders. Nichols Brothers signed a contract with Vigor in January to construct the superstructure portion of the third Olympic Class 144-Car Washington State Ferry the MV Chimacum. Nichols Brothers is responsible for construction of the grand block section of the vessel including the upper car decks exhaust stacks and pilothouses. Nichols Brothers is also responsible for all superstructure piping windows stairs ladders all exterior hand rails and completely painting the interior and exterior. The third superstructure will be more or less complete before arriving at Vigors facility in Seattle inApril 2016. A complex hydraulic transfer system will move the 1100-ton su- perstructure approximately 600 feet from inside Nichols Brothers facility to a barge in the harbor. The barge will then transport the complete super- structure to Vigors Seattle facility to join with the hull and complete final outfitting dock and sea trials. The arrangement between Vigor and Nichols Brothers isnt new. Nichols Brothers completed the su- perstructures for the first and second Washington State Ferrys 144-car ferries delivered to Vigor for final assembly in March and December 2013. Circle Line Sightseeing Orders Three New Vessels to be Built by Gladding-Hearn Circle Line Sightseeing New York NY has commissioned Gladding- Hearn Shipbuilding to construct three new vessels. Construction has already begun on the first with delivery scheduled for 2016. Like earlier vessels the new 600- passenger all-steel vessel designed by DeJong and Lebet will measure 165 feet in length and feature a 34-foot beam. With a top speed of 14 knots the vessel will be powered by twin Cummins QSK-38M1 diesel engines delivering a total of 2600 hp and connected to ZF W3355 gear boxes spinning 60-inch 5-bladed bronze propellers. For dockside maneuver- ing the vessel is equipped with a 125 hp bow thruster powered by an electric motor. Two 140 kW genera- Profitable Punctual Passage Maximized uptime means your passengers stay on schedule. Cat marine engines come aboard with ratings from 450 to 3400 hp and meet EPA Tier 3 emission standards. Youll get top productivity and fuel efficiency with the support you need to power your success. Visit your local Cat marine dealer or learn more about us at marine.Cat.Com 2013 Caterpillar. All rights reserved. CAT CATERPILLAR buILT foR IT their respective logos ACERT Caterpillar Yellow and the Power Edge trade dress as well as corporate and product identity used herein are trademarks of Caterpillar and may not be used without permission. 3512C Tier 3C32 ACERT Tier 3C18 ACERT Tier 3 Cat_PVA Ad_Punctual Passage.indd 1 62613 314 PM 18 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW tors will supply the ships service power. The vessel will carry 8200 gallons of fuel and 4000 gallons of potable water. The pilothouse is equipped with port and starboard wing stations in addition to the center console. Interior accommodations include seating and tables for 275 passengers in the main cabin. The second deck provides seating and tables for another 150 passengers indoors plus reserved seating for up to 50 VIP passengers and outdoor seating for 88 passengers. Aft of the pilothouse on the third deck will be outdoor seating for 84 passengers under a fixed canopy. The cabins are arranged for significantly improved concession areas cocktail bars and wheel- chair-accessible heads. Heating and air-conditioning is supplied by a 210000 btu diesel-fired boiler and six 10-ton water-cooled chillers. A crew room is located below the main deck and will be outfitted with storage cabinets a refrigerator shower and head and walk-in cooler American Cruise Lines to Receive Second New Vessel from Chesapeake Shipbuilding American Cruise Lines Guilford CT just announced that it construction has begun construction on a second new 170-passenger coastal cruise ship to be built byChesapeakeShipbuilding.Theoverallvesselwillbeslightlylargerwithlarger staterooms and private balconies than the overnight coastal cruise ships that make up operators existing fleet. The vessel will feature Rolls-Royce stabilizers. The new as yet unnamed ship is scheduled for completion in January 2017. n January 23-26 2016 PVA Annual Convention at MariTrends 2016 Hyatt Regency Crystal City Washington DC February 9-10 2016 Great Lakes Waterways Conference Marriott Downtown at Key Center Cleveland Ohio March 1-3 2016 Inland Waterways Conference Hyatt Regency St. Louis at the Arch St. Louis Missouri PVA CALENDAR For more information go to www.passengervessel.com SitePagescalendar.html DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 19 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW DeJong Lebet Inc. Jacksonville FL www.dejongandlebet.com Elliott Bay Design Group Seattle WA www.ebdg.com Incat Crowther Sydney Australia www.incatcrowther.com Caterpillar Marine Bellevue WA Marine.cat.com Cummins Charleston SC www.cummins.com IEM Marine a division of IEM Power Systems Jacksonville FL www.iemfg.com John Deere Power Systems Waterloo IA www.deere.comen MTU Novi MI www.mtu-online.com Northern Lights Seattle WA www.northern-lights.com Rolls-Royce Marine North America Inc. Houston TX www.rolls-royce.commarine ZF Marine Propulsion Systems Miramar LLC Miramar FL www.zf.com Numerous PVA Associate members played integral roles in the design construction and propulsion of the passenger vessels entering service this year and next including the following The Support Team HSCCODEANNEX10 ISO90012008 The most versatile safe and light weight seats are now... Genoa Seat All American Marine LLC Bellingham WA www.allamericanmarine.com Burger Boat Company Manitowoc WI www.burgerboat.com Chesapeake Shipbuilding Corp. Salisbury MD www.chesapeakeshipbuilding.com Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding the Duclos Corporation Somerset MA www.gladding-hearn.com Kvichak Marine Industries Seattle WA www.kvichak.com Nichols Brothers Boat Builders Freeland WA www.nicholsboats.com Scarano Boat Building Inc. Albany NY www.scaranoboat.com Vigor Industrial Seattle WA www.vigorindustrial.com Yank Marine Inc. Tuckahoe NJ Yankmarine.com Directions in Design Inc. St. Louis MO www.didstl.com Beurteaux North America Inc. Swansea MA www.beurteaux.com 20 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW 2570 Beverly Dr. 128 Aurora IL 60502 T 630.236.3500 CENTA Power trAnsmIssIon LeADIng By InnovAtIon USA based production Over 20 unique designs Over 16 million sold Torsional vibration experts Trust CENTA The Global Innovator Since 1970 CENTALINK Carbon Fiber Driveshafts Innovative flexible couplings for marine applications W e as humans are fairly bad at predicting the future. The book Expert Political Judgments analyzed 82361 political economic and journalistic prognosti- cations and found that 27 percent of sure things did not happen while 15 percent of no-goes did. Bill Gates has said We always overstate change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Dont let yourself be lulled into inaction. Our industry has seen radical vessel changes over a few genera- tions. From bare steel World War II surplus vessels to todays mammoth casino boats our jet engine catama- rans are the equivalent of a maritime moon shot. The two-deck Blount dinner boats of the early 1980s were the first specially-designed passenger vessel with carpeting dance floors real buffets and restrooms several notches above Wrigley Fields. Then we saw Odysseys sleek design--a true James Bond mega yacht--with fancy bars cutting edge dcor and real galleys tiling spacious freezers and stainless steel galore. Likewise the casino boat boom in the 1990s was simply unbelievable. We always thought that there would eventually be a lot of cheap vessels for dinner boats but those vessels emerged much later than we anticipated and the industry was not transformed by those redeployments. Maybe they are simply too big too expensive to maintain and finally just too cavernous for guest parties less than a 1000. Todays new vessel construc- tion costs seem astronomical and certainly deter new entrants and industry dreamers. A boat that I built in 1995 for 6.3 million would cost 16 million to build today. I used to require a dollar of annual revenue for every dollar of new construc- tion there arent many boats that can satisfy this investment criterion now. What is driving up these costs Can the higher costs be attributed to Coast Guard regulations and the price of steel After all the Chinese have poured more concrete in the last Our Emerging Fleets By Bob Shaw Industry Expert DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 21 FOGHORNFOCUS VESSEL REVIEWPREVIEW POWERFUL FLEXIBLE INTUITIVE. Learn more at StarboardSuite.com Online Mobile Reservations Ferry Ticketing and Tour Management Customized for your business and designed around your brand infostarboardsuite.com 415.431.5520 Improve your operating efficiency Modify trips and reservations from anywhere Completely eliminate overbooking View detailed sales and passenger reports Increase customer satisfaction Let customers see real-time trip availability before they book Send automated email reminders and directions Let customers book from their computer smartphone or iPad Completely web-based Nothing to install. Use it At home At the office On your laptop On your smartphone On your iPad At the dock Free setup training and ongoing support Fully hosted and managed 247 Personal U.S.-based account reps Increase sales Let customers see real-time availability and book online 247 Let hotel concierges book trips for their patrons Integrate with Facebook Twitter and Trip Advisor Add new customers to your email marketing lists automatically Accept Groupon and Living Social vouchers Offer promotions and discounts on your terms MOST VESSEL OPERATORS CAN USE STARBOARD SUITE FOR FREE five years than all of the U.S. in the 21st century and thereby driving up all construction prices worldwide. Or have we added more ceiling heights beams and volume plus reliable air conditioning bigger generators and other features to match the cost creep of new airplanes over previous gen- erations Some say our industry is at a cross- roads. The late 1980s through early 2000s witnessed massive growth across all our harbors and rivers. But we have so much more land-based competition today and growth is much harder than those magic carpet ride days. So where is the innovation likely to come from World Yacht has experimented with a surplus boat and created the innovative North River Lobster Company right in New York City. It is a floating restau- rant concept with an affordable price point targeting locals a completely different business model than the special occasion product with corre- sponding high prices that dominates our industry. Unfortunately existing operators always dread self-cannibal- ization. Id bet that innovation will come from our small local operators and not from the largest fleets or well- capitalized land businesses. Local operators intimately know their markets and have innovation cycle times far quicker than others. Dozens of these fine operators abound in Boston New York Chicago Pittsburgh St. Louis New Orleans Portland and California. If I could do it again Id desper- ately try to control some land along with my vessel operation. Waterfronts change over time and will certainly continue to do so. Owning a dock and shoreside support has turned out handsomely for those with the foresight and the courage to double down. And surely waterfronts will provide stability for long-term players. Additionally Id try to go back to the origins of the business make the price point affordable so repeat business can come back. I would try to figure out how to make money on two-star prices. Finally Id go all in on technol- ogy. I foresee success from those who become experts in social media marketing innovate faster than anyone around and are not afraid to take risks. Thats my prediction of how the future of the passenger vessel industry will be. While its likely that Ill be wrong on the initial Mars landing date at least I will not be lulled into inaction. n About the Author Bob Shaw is a veteran industry executive having led over 100 vessels responsible for over 10 million passengers a year. He can be reached at shawrwgmail.com. 22 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN REGULATORYREPORT By Peter Lauridsen PVA Regulatory Affairs Consultant Let MCM manage your insurance so you can focus on your voyage MCM is a leading independent insurance brokerage based in the Pacific Northwest. Our marine practice group has more than 100 years of combined experience placing insurance and managing the marine industrys unique risks. Whether were working with vessel operators builders repair facilities or suppliers we create specialized solutions that meet each clients needs. EMpLoyEE BEnEfits ExECutivE BEnEfits REtiREMEnt pLans insuRanCE advisoRy pRopERty CasuaLty Contact Damon L. Nasman at 206 262-6375 or email damon.nasmanmcmnw.com www.mcmnw.com OVER 65 YEARS COOLING THE MARINE INDUSTRY R.W. Fernstrum is committed to providing long-lasting quality cooling systems. Our engineers work with you to custom design a solution that meets the needs of your vessel and operating conditions. GRIDCOOLER Keel Cooler Tranter Heat Exchangers WEKA Boxcooler Heat Exchangers WEKA Boxcooler ENGINEERED COOLING SOLUTIONS. fernstrum.com 906.863.5553 salesfernstrum.com Photo courtesy of Blount Boats Inc. A_RW01-0115-FogHorn-Ad-Blount-Boats-Final.indd 1 1815 316 PM T he fiscal year 2016 budget for the U.S. Coast Guard calls for another in a string of personnel reductions to both military and civil service personnel. The leadership of PVA has sought some assurance from Coast Guard leader- ship that the important functions of the marine safety programs ability to facilitate commerce will not be adversely impacted. That assurance was forthcoming at least for the forces involved in inspection and licensing functions. Having lived through Coast Guard changes in the marine safety program resources for right sizing personnel military readiness and maritime security industry has become leery of the way changing national or organizational priori- ties impact on services required by Coast Guard-inspected vessels and licensed personnel. Without a change in the Coast Guards mission set any personnel reduction is almost im- possible to absorb without impact on some or all of those services. Post 911 maritime security funded a rapid increase in the Coast Guards overall personnel resources. That increase in personnel did not replace the professional personnel resources of the commercial vessel safety program that were the primary personnel source for standing up the maritime security program. It took the maritime industrys testimony before Chairman Oberstar and Chairman Cummings of the House of Representatives in 2007 to bring the Coast Guards attention to the short The Cycle Continues DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 23 REGULATORYREPORT degradation of the commercial vessel safety programs. That testimony resulted in several hundred new Coast Guard billets and positions to support an implementation of an Enhanced Marine Safety program. Over the last several years the Coast Guard has continued to build and shape its sector unit concept of all encompassing response-oriented commands that address all mission and statutory responsibilities. Each sector is staffed with resources identified with opera- tional regulatory and support programs. A sector commander that holds the titles of Commanding Officer CO Officer in Charge Marine Safety OCMI Captain of the Port COTP Search and Rescue Mission CoordinatorSMC Federal Maritime Security Coordinator FMSC and Federal On Scene Coordinator FOSC uses these resources to carry out the missions and demands of his or her area of re- sponsibility. The sector commander can and will use those resources as he or she sees the day-to-day and long-term challenges for his or her area responsibilities under the six titles as their own programmatic expertise and career experience leads them. The commercial vessel safety program flow of accountability and responsibility that statutorily and regulatorily flowed between the commandant district commander and OCMI has changed to a process intermingled with other Coast Guard missions and new levels of opera- tional command above and within the sector. Many of these responsibil- ities fall on personnel without experi- ence in the commercial vessel safety programs. Abillet or position labeled as prevention can be for a specific Coast Guard mission or one with broad cross-program responsibilities. That is a substantial and continuing problem in itself but it also means that personnel with some commer- cial vessel safety responsibilities may be directly affected by the personnel reductions. Even if a commercial vessel safety program billet or position is preserved the potential conse- quence of other personnel reduc- tions may mean that the billets and positions eliminated had collateral or even primary tasks that must be reassigned. Collateral duties have no specific funding or programmatic ac- countability. Those needs must flow to another Coast Guard employee who may well have important marine safety responsibilities. The reality is that as long as com- mercial vessel safety billets and positions exist in a multi-mission or- ganization almost any Coast Guard reduction does matter to all missions and programs. What does this mean to the owner operator master or licensed person Pay attention to required Coast Guard interactions both owner and Coast Guard-initiated. An extra measure of diligence and caution is appropriate. Schedule early provide a cushion or safety margin where possible maintain close communication with your inspector and their supervisors and take advantage of industry days. Signals of stress may come early and are more effectively managed. If you do experience delays that appear to be Coast Guard-resource related please share with the PVA staff. We continue to work with the Coast Guard and our partnership enables us to recognize mutual problem and work cooperatively to solve them. n 24 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN LEGISLATIVEREPORT By Ed Welch PVA Legislative Director T he U.S. government has altered its rules to allow operators of ferries and cruise ships to sail their vessels to and from Cuba. Although limited air travel to and from Cuba has been allowed for some time transportation of passengers by vessel has been fore- closed until earlier this year when the President initiated a thawing of U.S.-Cuban relations. Easing of existing regulations occurred in two steps first on May 5 2015 and then on September 18 of this year. The first act of relaxation came in May when the Treasury Departments Office of Foreign Asset Control OFAC granted specific licenses to several vessel companies to transport passengers between the U.S. and Cuba. Under this interim measure each potential operator had to apply for and receive a specific license from OFAC. The need to get a specific license from OFAC Cuba La Reina de la Mar Caribe was short-lived however because in September the U.S. government loosened the cruise shipferry rules even more. According to an announcement by the U.S. Treasury Department transportation by vessels of autho- rized travelers between the United States and Cuba and without stops in third countries will be autho- rized by general license. In other words it is no longer necessary for a passenger-vessel operator to apply for and receive a company-specific authorization from the U.S. govern- ment. In addition a cruise ship or other vessel with lodging will be able to sojourn in Cuban waters for up to 14 consecutive days. Because this is an international route the ferry or cruise vessels need not be flagged in the United States. Keep in mind that there still remain limitations on the individu- als who may be transported on these passenger vessels. Under U.S. rules it is still impermissible for a common tourist to travel to Cuba via any mode of travel. A passenger must be fall within one of 12 categories of travelers for which general licenses have been authorized. The 12 au- thorized categories for individu- als traveling from the U.S. include family visits official governmental business journalistic activity pro- fessional research and professional meetings educational activities religious activities public perfor- mances clinics workshops athletic and other competitions support for the Cuban people humanitarian projects activities of private founda- DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 25 LEGISLATIVEREPORT tions or research or educational in- stitutes exportation importation or transmission of information or infor- mation materials and certain autho- rized export transactions. In addition to OFAC another federal agency the Bureau of Industry and Security BIS of the U.S. Department of Commerce must be consulted for permission to export the vessel to serve the U.S.-Cuba route. Even though the U.S. govern- ment has essentially given the green light that is challenge for a vessel operator who wishes to begin service. In addition the Cuban gov- ernment must also grant permission. The first U.S. company to take advantage of the liberalized rules is a PVA member. During late October Spree Expeditions of Key West FL took 10 passengers and 4 crew members on a dive trip to Cuba. Captain Frank Wasson of Spree explained that he worked with three federal agencies BIS OFAC and the U.S. Coast Guard in Miami to comply with U.S. requirements. BIS provided a license to export the vessel OFAC allowed the U.S.-flagged MV Spree to transport passengers in approved categories under the new general license for ferries and cruise vessels and the Coast Guard vetted and approved the passenger lists which had to be supplied 30 days in advance. Other PVA members are looking at the Cuba market. Key West Express of Fort Myers Beach FL is contemplating ferry service from Florida to Cuba. The company currently operates a high-speed ferry between Fort Myers Marco Island and Key West. Blount Small Ship Adventures of Warren RI is considering operating an overnight cruise vessel on an itinerary along the south coast of Cuba from the port of Cienfuegos possibly as early as 2016. Another sign of the thaw in EASY MANEUVERABILITY Give your passengers a smooth ride with reliable John Deere PowerTech propulsion and generator drive engines. With high torque and low-rated rpm they deliver excellent vessel control and quiet operation. For easy navigation on the water Nothing Runs Like A Deere. JohnDeere.commarine 60 to 559 kW 80 to 750 hp relations between the U.S. and Cuba was the late November bilateral agreement to protect the marine eco- systems common to the two nations share. NOAA Administrator Dr. Kathryn Sullivan and Pedro Ramos of the U.S. National Park Service joined with officials from Cubas Ministry of Science Technology and Environment to formalize a commitment to collect and share scientific data develop technical tools promote marine education and cooperate on international Marine Protected Area manage- ment decisions. Two U.S. special U.S. ecosystems -- the Flower Garden Banks Texas and the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuaries -- will benefit from this cooperative effort. n 26 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN HOW PVA BENEFITS YOU By Jen Wilk Director Public Affairs and Development PVA Working For You Security Continues to Be High on PVAs Radar P VA knows that its members are dedicated not only to passenger safety but also security as well. The recent tragic events around the world have reinforced PVAmembers ongoing vigilance when it comes to security. PVA stays up-to-date on security issues that impact members operations. PVA recently participated in the National Alternative Security P r o g r a m A S P S p o n s o r i n g Organizations Workshop hosted by U.S. Coast Guard leadership in Washington D.C. This bi-annual event brings together representa- tives from a variety of maritime industry segments from all over the country that maintain a Coast Guard-approved alternative security program for compliance with Maritime Transportation Security Act regulations. This user group has met for a number of years and now resembles an advisory committee including members with years of experience and expertise providing direction and feedback on security issues facing the marine transporta- tion industry. At the workshop the Coast Guard provided information on draft guidance regarding ASPs for vessels and facilities. This draft Navigation Vessel and Inspection Circular NVIC aims to provide clarification and guidance for the submission approval and implementation of ASPs nationwide. This NVIC would assist both industry and Coast Guard with implementation inspections and compliance. Coast Guard officials also provided a briefing on cyber security threats and risk management. In addition to implementing its own strategy for agency-wide focus on combating cyber security threats to marine transportation the Coast Guard is working with academic partners and meeting with port RECENTLY DELIVEREDGOLDEN GATE FERRY MARINE GROUP B o a t w o r k s Marine Group Boat Works is the finest California boatbuilder and repairer of steel and aluminum high-speed ferries catamarans and passenger vessels up to 220 feet-long.Operating two shifts six days per week for fast turnarounds and minimized vessel time out-of-service. marinegroupbw.com leahmarinegroupbw.com 619 621-2220 M.S. San Francisco DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 27 HOW PVA BENEFITS YOU www.nicholsboats.com Expert Boat Builders Steel Aluminum Construction Salesnicholsboats.com 360331-5500 x 311 operators in the field to better understand how cyber- connected systems are integrated into marine operations. For cyber security evaluation and risk management strat- egies the Coast Guard suggested a number of resources including National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Framework Homeport and Computer Emergency Readiness Team CERT. The Coast Guard representa- tives encouraged operators to include cyber into existing security exercises response and recovery planning as well as bringing operations and technology teams together to assess and mitigate cyber vulnerabilities in marine op- erations. The Coast Guard suggested that a cyber security NVIC was in the early stages of development to provide more guidance on this issue. In addition the Coast Guard indicated that release of the Transportation Worker Identification Credential TWIC reader final rule is still a number of months away. Currently the rule is being reviewed by Department of Homeland Security DHS leadership and the next step in the process is to send the document to the Office of Management and Budget OMB for regulatory review and then final release. The Coast Guard Marine Safety Center MSC provided a briefing on their role in security plan approval and other mission objectives they carry out. The MSC pointed out that they also serve as subject matter experts for new policies and regulations. The PVA Alternative Security Program is just one of many tools available to members to assist in remaining vigilant in their security posture. There are several training DVDs created in partnership with the Transportation Security Administration TSA to provide guidance on screening crowd control and emergency preparedness. If you want to know more about how your company can use these tools including the PVA Alternative Security Program feel free to contact me at 1-800-807-8360 ext. 24 or jwilkpassengervessel.com. n Active Shooter Exercise to be Held at PVA Annual Convention On January 23 PVA members are invited to observe an active shooter exercise. Hosted by the PVA Safety and Security Committee in partnership with the Transportation Security Administration TSA and the Intermodal Security Training and Exercise Program I-STEP this exercise aboard a vessel will kick off the PVA Annual Convention at MariTrends 2016 in Washington DC. The exercises purpose is to assess emergency response and crisis management action plans of passenger vessel captains crewand staff during an active shooter incident. Key takeaways will include lessons learned and develop best practices for planning and response recommendations for active shooter scenarios within the passenger vessel industry. 100 Furuno designed Linux software improves stability reduces virus risk Fully compliant IMO systems 19 23.1 LCD or Black Box ECDIS with user supplied wide glass bridge monitors are available Simple Ethernet connection to FAR2xx7 Radars saving thousands over complex interface kits www.FurunoUSA.com www.Facebook.comFuruno ECDISElectronic Chart Display and Information System ECDISElectronic Chart Display and Information System 28 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN SAFETYMATTERS By Eric Christensen Director of Regulatory Affairs and Risk Management W ith over 6000 domestic passenger vessels in the U.S. the ability to maintain a body of regulations that cover all designs variables and changing tech- nology is challenging to say the least and frankly some say impossible. While the regulations set minimum federal safety standards sometimes they do not fit a particular applica- tion. What many vessel operators do not realize is that there are provisions in the regulations that allow the local Officer in Charge Marine Inspection to depart from the regulations when warranted by special circumstances or arrangements. On vessels inspected under Subchapters K and T 46 CFR 114.550 and 175.550 special consideration states In applying the provisions of this subchapter the OCMI may give special consideration to authorizing departures from the specific require- ments when unusual circumstances or arrangements warrant such de- partures and an equivalent level of safety is provided. The OCMI of each marine inspection zone in which the vessel operates must approve any special consideration granted to a vessel. Further Volume II of the Coast Guards Marine Safety Manual provides a bit more on the intent of special consideration. Provisions for special consideration should be used to provide practical applica- tion of the regulations and avoid un- Sometimes the Regulations Just Dont Fit Complete control and steering systems for vessels of all types and sizes. 1 604572-3935 Surrey BC Canada saleskobelt.com www.kobelt.com KOBELT MANUFACTURING CO.LTD. DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 29 SAFETYMATTERS reasonable requirements actions or decisions unnecessary to maintain- ing an adequate degree of safety. For the OCMIs part he or she needs to recognize when local practices have often proved safe and appropriate for local conditions even if they do not conform specifically to regulations. While it is clear that the OCMI has the authority to grant special consid- eration what has been the practical application of this authorityAclassic example of applying special consider- ation occurred in the late 1990s when I was Chief of Inspections in Chicago IL. During the new-to-zone inspec- tion of a brand new 38 foot water taxi I asked the vessel owner to charge up the fire hose to demonstrate proper operation of the fire pump as well as the effectiveness of the fire hose instal- lation. What we found was anything but effective. Since the 38-foot water taxi carried more than 49 passengers the require- ments of 46 CFR 181.320b were applicable. On a vessel of not more than 65-feet in length carrying more than 49 passengers each hose must be 50-feet in length and 1.5-inches in diameter. It must also be either UL listed UL 19 or be listed and labeled by an independent laboratory recog- nized by the Commandant as being equivalent in performance. Do you know what a charged 1.5-inch 50-foot commercial fire hose looks like inside the passenger com- partment of a 38-foot water taxi with a 10-foot beam It is not pretty. The hose was kinked to the point of being a hazard to passengers and crew as well as not capable of producing an effective stream of water. If only I still had the pictures. When the vessel owner and I looked into alternatives as part of his special consideration request we found that a 1.5-inch diameter UL 19 listed fire hose was also available in a 25-foot length. It seemed like a rea- sonable solution so once the owner hooked up the new hose and dem- onstrated the effectiveness of the new installation it was approved. The For the best in custom Marinas Gangways Floating Structures Bridges Security Gates Catwalks Web www.topperfloats.com Email brucetopperfloats.com Tel 800.332.3625 Maintenance Management Program Cloud Based - Access from any Device with any browser Maintenance - Inventory - Documentation Intuitive User Interface Flagship Integration Turnkey Setup w w w . W h e e l H o u s e T e c h . c o m - 9 7 8 - 5 6 2 - 5 2 1 1 Foghorn_March_2015.indd 1 2202015 34342 PM approval was not only documented in a letter to the vessel owner copy in vessel file but also in the Coast Guards computer database. After all the last thing the owner wants to do is spend time justifying the installa- tion to a future Coast Guard inspector more concerned over the letter of the regulations as opposed to the practical application or intent of the regula- tions. While the above is a straightfor- ward application of special consider- ation there are other instances where new technology or novel designs require a higher level of approval than the local OCMI. As noted above a key component the Coast Guard must consider in deviating from the regulations is that an equivalent level of safety exists. How is that deter- mined Subchapters H K and T all have provisions for granting equivalen- 30 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN SAFETYMATTERS PVA WELCOMES NEW MEMBERS Navigating your risks day and night. As the owner of a passenger vessel you face tough decisions every day from hiring qualied crew to making sure your vessel is in prime condition. At Aon we spend day and night thinking about your maritime risks so buying insurance doesnt have to be another tough decision. We work with you to develop creative approaches and customized solutions that deliver more efficiencies improved protability and greater value. For more information please call 1.800.730.7053 or visit passengervessel.commember-resources.htmlinsurance Risk. Reinsurance. Human Resources. Navigating your Aon Risk Solutions Marine cies. Subchapter H being the oldest of the regulations since a major revision contains rather stogy language in discussing equivalencies. Under 46 CFR 70.15-1 Conditions under which equivalents may be used the regula- tions state where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the use of any particular equipment apparatus or arrangement not specifi- cally required by law is unreasonable or impracticable the Commandant may permit the use of alternate equipment apparatus or arrange- ment to such an extent and upon such conditions as will insure to his satis- faction a degree of safety consistent with the minimum standards set forth in this subchapter. Subchapters K and T are a bit more clear and also provide direction as to how to submit for an equiva- lency determination. Both 46 CFR 114.540 and 175.540 equivalents state ePaymentAmerica Memphis TN Christopher Reckert Associate Little River Fishing Fleet North Myrtle Beach SC Cameron Sebastian Associate PDMS UK Glasgow Scotland UK Joanne Pontee Associate RocketRez Kleefeld Manitoba Canada John Pendegrast Associate Aqua Lounge Events San Diego CA Brad Hunter Vessel The Commandant may approve any arrangement fitting appliance apparatus equipment calculation information or test which provides a level of safety equivalent to that es- tablished by specific provisions of this subchapter. Requests for approval must be submitted to the Marine Safety Center via the cognizant OCMI. If necessary the Marine Safety Center may require engineering eval- uations and tests to demonstrate the equivalence of the substitute. Equivalencies are granted at the Commandant level and normally involve equipment or engineering design so getting the Coast Guard involved early is highly recommend- ed. Whether you are looking to get a local determination from your OCMI or seeking an equivalency from the Commandant of the Coast Guard PVAstaff can assist you in the process. Do not let outdated or inappropriate regulations negatively impact your operations. n DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 31 NEWSWIRE 1910 Unruh Court New Albany IN 47150 Tel 812.945.8988 13705 Gainesville St. Houston TX 77015 Tel 713.330.8200 WATER LUBRICATED MARINE BEARINGS SLEEVE AND FLANGED CONFIGURATIONS IN STOCK AT TIMCO DURABLE LONG LASTING EASY TO INSTALL www.TIMCOMARINE.com On November 4 2015 the U.S. Coast Guard released a Marine Safety Alert 10-15 issued by the Inspections and Compliance Directorate. The Coast Guard is concerned about the sale and availability of unapproved recreational and com- mercial vessel navigation lights. Purchasers of such lighting should be aware replacement lighting may be improper for its application due to the failure by manufacturers to meet technical certification requirements. Furthermore technical advances in marine lighting such as the use of Light Emitting Diodes LEDs rope lighting underwater lighting and other various types of decorative lighting may violate navigation light provisions of the Nautical Rules of the Road. The requirements for all naviga- tion lights aboard vessels are pre- scribed in Rules 20 21 22 and Annex I of the Rules of the Road which is the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 72 COLREGS or the Inland Navigation Rules 33 CFR Subchapter E. Specifications for lights vary depending upon the type of vessel but regardless of the light source i.e. incandescent filament or LED Recreational vessel and unin- spected commercial vessel naviga- tion lights must meet American Boat Yacht Council ABYC standard A-16 in accordance with specifica- tions within 33 CFR 183.810 and 46 CFR 25.10-3 respectively. Commercial inspected vessels must be outfitted with navigation lights that meet or exceed Under- writers Laboratories standard UL 1104 as stated in the specifications of 46 CFR 111.75 -17. S o m e m a n u f a c t u r e r s a r e producing and distributing naviga- tion lights that do not meet the cer- tification requirements indicated above. These lights are typically less expensive making them a tempting choice for uniformed consumers. Use of lights that do not provide the proper chromaticity luminous intensity or cut-off angles could result in the issuance of a notice of violation or potentially cause an accident. Recreational boaters should ensure each purchased navigation light contains the following informa- tion on the light or its packaging USCG Approval 33 CFR 183.810 MEETS ABYC A-16 or equivalent TESTED BY an approved laboratory Name of the light manufacturer Number of Model Visibility of the light in nautical miles Date on which the light was type- tested Identification and specification of the bulb used in the compliance test. Navigation Lights Rules for Safety 32 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN NEWSWIRE Boaters should be concerned about installing decorative lighting on their boats in various places including underwater on the rubrail or just above the waterline. Care must be taken that these lights cannot be mistaken for navigation lights do not impair the visibility or dis- tinctive character of approved and properly placed navigation lights and do not interfere with the operators ability to maintain a proper lookout. Such circumstances may represent a violation of Rule 20. Rule 20 specifies that only those lights prescribed or those that dont interfere with those prescribed may be used. Haphazard installation of ad- ditional lighting must be avoided. A violation can occur if the installation of additional lights can be construed as a light required by the Rules for another vessel. For instance blue un- derwater LED lights can appear to be flashing if there is any wave action giving the appearance of a flashing blue light only authorized to be used by law enforcement vessels per 33 CFR 88.05. Rule 21 provides the definitions for the masthead light sidelights stern light towing light all-round lights or task lights and flashing or special flashing lights. Task lights are those lights which place the vessel in a special condition e.g. all-round red over white over red for a vessel with restricted maneuverability. Rule 22 provides for the intensity requirements of each light per vessel size so that they may be seen at a minimum range. Annex I of the Rules specifies the vertical and horizontal spacing of each of the required lights both in relation to the vessel hull and with respect to other navigation lights. Compliance with the provisions of Annex I ensures the light is properly mounted for its intended purpose. The proper installation of any light is critical to it being U.S. Coast Guard Approved as required by Annex I COLREGs paragraph 14 and Inland 33 CFR 84.20. The Coast Guard strongly recom- mends that boaters avoid purchase and in- stallation of any light that does not present the required certification data and retailers advise their customers to purchase certified navigation lights. This Safety Alert is provided for in- formational purposes only and does not relieve any domestic or interna- tional safety operational or material requirement. This Alert has been developed by the U.S. Coast Guards Headquarters Offices of Navigation Systems Auxiliary and Boating Safety and Investigations and Casualty Analysis. For questions or concerns please email cgnavuscg.mil. n DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN 33 gplink.com Put Your Fleet at Your Fingertips gplink_halfpage.indd 1 1142015 33702 PM MEMBERNEWS Ferry Grants Approved for Five Years Congress has agreed on a five-year extension of federal transportation laws and policies including grants for building ferry vessels in terminals. The new law is called the FAST Act Fixing Americas Surface Transportation Act. The Federal Highway Administrations discretionary ferry grant program will be funded at 80 million dollars each year for five years. In addition the funding formula has been changed to give somewhat more emphasis to the number of passengers carried by a ferry system. The Federal Transit Administrations competitive Ferry Grant Program will continue at 30 million dollars per year. Continuation of these federal ferry grant programs has been a high legislative priority for PVA in 2015. n CENTA to Expand Capabilities Due to New Agreement In November PVA Associate member Aurora IL-based CENTA Antriebe Kirschey GmbH and Christie Grey Limited announced a strategic global sales cooperation. The agreement allows the two companies to join forces to engineer and strategically supply the industrys premium quiet drive solutions combining soft mounting systems flexible couplings and intermediate drive shaft systems. Founded in Germany in 1970 CENTA Antriebe is the innovative leader in torsional coupling and drive shaft systems offering more solutions to the marine industrial rail and energy industries than any other company worldwide. n WheelHouse Technologies Inc. Launches New App Wheelhouse users rejoice. PVA Associate member WheelHouse Technologies Inc. Hudson MA has launched WheelHouse Underway a tablet application for iOS Android and Windows devices that are available on App stores. WheelHouse Underway expands the functionality of WheelHouse which provides vessel specifications documentation maintenance recommendations and spare parts guidelines in a cloud-based application. n 34 DECEMBER 2015 FOGHORN ADVERTISERSINDEX LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR CONTINUED FROM PAGE 5 MEMBERNEWS ABS Americas............................ 23 All American Marine................... 24 Aon Risk Management................. 30 Arthur J. Gallagher Co............. 20 Blount Boats Inc........................ 18 Burger Boat Company................. 16 Carus AB Ltd.............................. 13 Caterpillar Marine...................... 17 Centa Corporation...................... 20 DBC Marine - Survitec................. 12 Dejong and Lebet........................ 33 Freedman Seating Company........ 19 Furuno USA Inc.......................... 27 Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding....... 34 GPLINK LLC................................ 33 Hamilton Jet............................... 28 HUMPHREE USA LLC................ 18 John Deere Power Systems........... 25 Kobelt........................................ 28 Marine Group Boat Works........... 26 MCM........................................ 22 Metal Shark Aluminum Boats........ 25 Motor Services Hugo Stamp......... 36 MTU.......................................... 35 Nichols Bros............................... 27 Port SupplyWest Marine............. 14 RW Fernstrum Co........................ 22 Scania USA.................................. 2 Seacraft Design.......................... 32 Springfield Group....................... 32 Starboard Suite........................... 21 Timco Marine Equipment.............. 31 Topper Industries Inc................... 29 Twin Disc Inc............................... 7 UES Seating................................. 8 Viking Life-Saving Equipment AS..... 9 Virtual Ticketing Solutions............. 15 VT Halter Marine........................ 34 WheelHouse Technologies Inc..... 29 Zerve......................................... 11 Presidents Closing Dinner and Awards ceremony Seeing Washington D.C.s monuments and landmarks from the water is an exciting and special experience. This year the Presidents Closing Dinner and Awards Ceremony will be held aboard Entertainment Cruises luxurious Spirit of Washington. Please make sure that this event is included in your convention planning. As you can tell we expect an excellent PVA Annual Convention at MariTrends 2016 in our Nations Capital. I hope that you will make plans to attend this year and take advantage of all that this exciting convention and city have to offer. In the meantime please let me know whenever we can be of assistance to you. Sincerely John R. Groundwater Executive Director n ALL OTHER FERRIES ARE MISSING ONE VERY IMPORTANT PART. OUR NAME. www.gladding-hearn.com www.mtu-online.com Partnering for success. 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