july 2015 FOGHORN 27 safety Security MATTERS gave needed authority to the District Supervisory Inspector to reduce passenger capacities as deemed necessary as well as be the approving authority for increases in passenger capacity. The ability to appeal the decision of the local in- spectors followed on June 10 1918. Legislative change to establish a board of naval ar- chitects within the Department of Commerce to approve vessel hull and machinery construction proved to be elusive for a number of years. In annual reports following the Eastland disaster the Supervising Inspector General continued to promote the advantages of having such a board. First it would allow the department to employ experts more familiar with construction than the local inspectors. Second it would provide uniformity in the application of standards. By 1922 Section 9 of the General Rules and regulations prescribed by the Board of Supervisory Inspectors incorporated the use of American Bureau of Shipping rules for hull boiler and machinery construction as an accepted standard used by local in- spectors. Eventually all of the recommendation made it into federal law and regulation. Today the U.S. Coast Guard carries out the marine safety mission started by the Steamboat inspection Service. The Coast Guards Marine Safety Center is a repository of engineers and naval ar- chitects charged with approving vessel plans for U.S. flag commercial vessels. Vessel modifications and changes in passenger capacity must be approved by the Coast Guard either locally or at the Maine Safety Center in most cases before the vessel is allowed to operate. CONCLUSION In the 100 years since the Eastland disaster there have been significant improvements to shipbuilding technol- ogy crew competence and the regulations governing inspection and certification of U.S. passenger vessels. The result of these efforts is that the U.S. has not experi- enced such a dramatic loss of life on a passenger vessel since July 1915. That said accidents involving foreign vessels overseas such as the Sewol Norman Atlantic and Orient Star demonstrate what can happen when constant vigilance is lost and complacency sets in. The PVA staff stands ready to assist members in maintaining a culture of safety that keeps passengers safe and vessels operating. n OVER 65 YEARS COOLING THE MARINE INDUSTRY R.W. Fernstrum is committed to providing long-lasting quality cooling systems. Our engineers work with you to custom design a solution that meets the needs of your vessel and operating conditions. GRIDCOOLER Keel Cooler Tranter Heat Exchangers WEKA Boxcooler ENGINEERED COOLING SOLUTIONS. fernstrum.com 906.863.5553 salesfernstrum.com Photo courtesy of Blount Boats Inc. A_RW01-0115-FogHorn-Ad-Blount-Boats-Final.indd 1 1815 316 PM Complete control and steering systems for vessels of all types and sizes. 1 604572-3935 Surrey BC Canada saleskobelt.com www.kobelt.com KOBELT MANUFACTURING CO.LTD.