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july 2015 FOGHORN 23 safety Security MATTERS By Eric Christensen Director of Regulatory Affairs and Risk Management The Legacy of the Eastland T odays domestic passenger vessel industry is among the safest modes of transporta- tion in the United States. In fact the senior leadership of the Coast Guard has publicly praised PVA and its members for their enviable safety record. This is a testament to the professionalism of present day vessel operators and their com- mitment to maintain- ing a consistently high standard of safety for both passengers and crew. This achievement is also the result of ever evolving regulations and standards administered by the U.S. Coast Guard designed to prevent harm to people property and the environment by in- corporating lessons learned through casualty investigation. The Eastland is a casualty often overshadowed by the Titanic but it arguably had a greater impact on the safety of the domestic passenger vessel fleet and certainly had a more lasting impact on the nations regulatory regime. In fact July 24 2015 marks 100 years since the capsizing of the passenger steamer Eastland. With the loss of 844 souls 841 passengers and three crew the Eastland disaster ranks as one of the greatest loss of life casualties in U.S. maritime history surpassed only by the fires onboard the Sultana in 1865 and the General Slocum in 1904. The Eastland was not lost due to fire nor sinking in the open ocean without enough lifeboats like the Titanic three years earlier. The Maintenance Management Program Cloud Based - Access from any Device with any browser Maintenance - Inventory - Documentation Intuitive User Interface Flagship Integration Turnkey Setup w w w . W h e e l H o u s e T e c h . c o m - 9 7 8 - 5 6 2 - 5 2 1 1 Foghorn_March_2015.indd 1 2202015 34342 PM Eastland 1907 Eastland capsized at the dock in the Chicago River as a result of being in an unstable condition. The Eastlands initial construction and significant modifications without regard to stability made the casualty inevitable. The regulatory changes invoked in the years following the disaster remain today and serve as an enduring legacy to those who lost their lives. The Eastland was designed and built by the Jenks Ship Building Company of Port Huron Michigan in 1903. She was the first and only passenger vessel built by Jenks a yard known for building Great Lakes freighters. She was designed to be fast with a long and narrow hull. She was also designed with a shallow draft so she could access ports such as South Haven MI which had sand bars offshore. Her design required the installation and management of a water ballast system