Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
Page 25
Page 26
Page 27
Page 28
Page 29
Page 30
Page 31
Page 32
POWER AT WORK Capt. Pete built by Pan Isles Inc. powered by twin Scania 16-liter V8 engines Gulfport MS Complete and Committed. THE SCANIA MARINE SOLUTION. Out there confidence in performance reliability and operating economy are the only things that count. With this in mind we created the Scania marine solution An array of flexible options including ratings equipment instrumentation and transmissions. Whatever your specification we will provide you with the optimal Scania marine solution. Power at work every inch of the way. NortheastGreat Lakes Mack Boring Parts Co. 908-964-0700 Northwest Western Canada Cascade Engine Center 206-764-3850 Southeast Kraft Power 800-394-0078 Southwest Boatswains Locker 949-642-6800 Gulf Coast NRE Power Systems 504-393-7272 CentralEastern Canada ADF Diesel 800-517-1489 DISTRIBUTORS Passenger Vessel Association tel 1 800 807-8360 fax 703 518-5151 july 2015 FOGHORN 3 Volume 14 Number 6 JULY 2015 FogHorn USPS Number 023-702 is published monthly except combined JanuaryFebruary by Philips Publishing LLC 2201 West Commodore Way Seattle WA 98199. Periodicals postage paid at Seattle WA and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER Send address changes to Foghorn co Passenger Vessel Association 103 Oronoco Street Suite 200 Alexandria VA 22314. Copyright 2015 by the Passenger Vessel Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written consent of the Passenger Vessel Association. Printed with SOY INK FOGHORN Focus FOGHORN is a monthly publication of the Passenger Vessel Association. Copyright 2015. All rights reserved. President Dave Anderson Fire Island Ferries Bay Shore NY Vice-President Margo Marks Beaver Island Boat Company Charlevoix MI Secretary-Treasurer Jeff Whitaker Hudson River Cruises Inc. Kingston NY Board of Directors Bob Bijur Island Queen Cruises Miami FL Chip Collopy Shoreline Marine Company Chicago IL Jim DeSimone Staten Island Ferries Staten Island NY Gus Gaspardo Padelford Packet Boat Company St. Paul MN Bob Lawler Entertainment Cruises Boston MA Alison Nolan Boston Harbor Cruises Boston MA Bob Scribner Charleston Harbor Tours Charleston SC Coleen Stephens Stan Stephens Glacier and Wildlife Cruies Valdez AK Jim Swindler Golden Gate Ferries Larkspur CA Associate Member Representative Carl Micu John Deere Power Systems Waterloo IA Past Presidents Terri Bernstein BB Riverboats Newport KY Immediate PVA Past President Carolyn Horgan Blue Gold Fleet San Francisco CA PVA Past President Paul Belforti Entertainment Cruises Inc. Chicago IL PVA Past President Executive Director John R. Groundwater Legislative Director Edmund Welch Regulatory Affairs Consultant Peter Lauridsen Director of Finance Leslie Kagarise Director Public Affairs and Development Jennifer Wilk Director of Regulatory Affairs and Risk Management Eric Christensen General Counsel Steven Bers Whiteford Taylor and Preston Editorial Offices Managing Editor Karen Rainbolt 2771 Houston Dr. Los Osos CA 93402 tel 571 388-7752 Contributing Editor Richard Purinton Washington Island Ferry Line Washington Island WI Advertising and Business Offices Publisher Peter Philips Advertising Sales Bill Forslund bill 2201 West Commodore Way Seattle WA 98199 tel 206 284-8285 fax 206 284-0391 Environmental Issues About the Cover Safari Quest operated by Seattle-based Un-Cruise Adventures offers overnight cruises to just 22 guests. A member of the PVA Green WATERS Program Un-Cruise Adventures takes passengers to some of the worlds ecologically unique destinations. Story page 6. Photo by JD Andrews Un-Cruise Adventures. 6 Un-Cruise Adventures Becomes First Cruise Line to Partner With Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch Commits to Serving Only Ocean-Friendly Seafood When your vessels take travelers to some of the worlds most unspoiled natural wonders theres an expectation for high levels of environmental stewardship. Un-Cruise Adventures delivers by offering sustainable seafood through a partnership with the nations leading seafood sustainability program. 8 A Voyage of Environmental Awareness Bob Shaw takes us on his journey of establishing the importance of environmental awareness and action in the passenger vessel industry. 11 For Salacia 15 Is the New Brand New And Greener Too PVA Green WATERS Member Boston Harbor Cruises has refitted its vessel Salacia with new EPA-certified Tier III enginesthe first to do so in Boston Harbor. Columns 4 Presidents Letter 5 Executive Directors Letter 14 Regulatory Report 16 PVA Calendar 17 Legislative Report 20 How PVA Benefits You 22 New Members 23 Safety Security Matters 28 Member News 30 Newswire 30 Advertisers Index 4 july 2015 FOGHORN Our Crowded Waterways Keeping Our Heads on a Swivel Our waterways are conduits to creating lasting memories to discovering worlds of adventure and to generating economic opportunities. On our rivers lakes and oceans a father brings his daughter fishing for the first time and a young man learns his ancestors trade a family takes a hard-earned vacation and a Master cares for his vessel while remem- bering that protecting the promise of our waterways rests on each of us. Here we are smack in the middle of summer. Beaches are in full swing PVA vessel operations are in high gear and so is the recreational watercraft season. Our waterways are jammed with kayaks canoes recreational boats stand-up paddle boards personal watercraft water skiers wake boarders kite boarders parasail- ing enthusiasts and now water jet devices WJDs. All of these types of waterborne activities con- stantly have our collective pro- fessional maritime communitys head on a swivel being proactive while trying to avoid confronta- tion with the recreational boating community. Our shorelines and beachfront communities have become so overcrowded during the summer months that there has been some debate this crowding may be a large contributing factor as to why people have turned to increased recreational boating and personal watercraft usage. Giant oil tankers passenger ferries and freighters laden with cars and trucks all navigate the narrow channels of New Yorks harbor. So increasingly do sailboats jet skiers and kayaks. The waters are not always calm between the tradi- tional commercial and the new recreational users. Often you cannot see them until it is almost too late. However they have as much right to utilize these waterways as we do. So what do we do as passenger vessel operators to alleviate this growing segment of industry with which we need to share the waterways We educate. The Passenger Vessel Association is an industry leader when it comes to safety and it is a direct correlation and reflection to our safety record. Education is the single most important entity we as PVA operators have to help further reduce the number of casualties on our waters. In May of 2015 the United States Coast Guard released its recreational boating statistics for 2014. It is worth highlighting a few of its findings from the executive summary that further supports the need for PVA members to educate within their rec- reational communities. On a positive note nationally there were 8047 accidents in 1997 and an outstanding reduction in 2014 of 4064 incidents which is almost a 50 percent reduction. Of those 4064 accidents last year there were 610 deaths 2678 injuries and approximately 39 million dollars of damage to property as a result of recreational boating accidents. This was the second lowest recorded number since 1997. The fatality rate was 5.2 deaths per 100000 registered recreational vessels. This rate represents a 10.6 percent increase from last years fatality rate of 4.7 deaths per 100000 registered recreational vessels. Compared to 2013 the number of accidents increased 0.05 percent the number of deaths increased 8.9 percent and the number of injuries increased 2.2 percent. Where the cause of death was known 78 percent of fatal boating accident victims drowned and 84 percent were not wearing a life jacket. Eight out of every ten boaters who drowned were operating vessels less than 21 feet in length. Operator inattention improper lookout operator inexperience excessive speed and alcohol use rank as the top five primary contributing factors in accidents. Alcohol use is a leading known contributing factor in fatal boating accidents. We can make the difference. Getting together with local organizations in the recreational and personal wa- tercraft communities to express and demonstrate your concerns as a commercial operator can be a crucial first step. One of the biggest hurdles we face is that people who operate these recreational vessels and personal watercraft do not have a complete understanding of what we passenger vessel operators must contend with LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT Dave Anderson Operator inattention improper lookout operator inexperience excessive speed and alcohol use rank as the top five primary contributing factors in recreational boating accidents. letter from the president Continued on page 30 july 2015 FOGHORN 5 LETTER FROM THE executive director John Groundwater U.S. Tourism Outlook Remains Strong The travel industry in the United States is a huge contributor to the economic health of our nation. According to researchers at the U.S. Travel Association USTA in 2013 the travel industry contributed more than 2 trillion to the economy. In addition approximately eight million people were employed in 2014 throughout the travel industry in a variety of jobs and activities with an estimated payroll of more than 221 billion. An addi- tional seven million jobs were created in related indus- tries. Further USTA estimates that travel and tourism represents 2.7 percent of our gross domestic product GDP. Travel Trends A recent New York Times article Where Will Americans Travel in 2015 cited that when Americans travel they tend to stick close to home. It cites that when it comes to domestic travel Americans gravitate to the Border States. Not surprisingly the author says that California will be the most popular domestic destination for 2015 accounting for more than 134 million tourists. Texas is expected to come in at second place with an estimated 69 million visitors and third is New York with 55 million expected visitors. While USTA researchers are forecasting a slight decline in total domestic expenditures in 2015 by Americans they expect an increase in visits and expen- ditures by international visitors. Underscoring these op- timistic forecasts the U.S Department of Commerce last month released new data forecasting that international visitors who stay one or more nights in the United States will reach a record 77.6 million in 2015. This is up 3.6 percent over 2014. In 2012 President Obama launched the National Travel and Tourism Strategy with the goal of attracting by 2021 100 million international visitors to the United States with estimated expenditures of 250 billion. According to the Commerce Departments current forecast it expects to see an increase of between 3.8 and 4.6 percent in international visitors between 2015 and 2020. By year-end in 2020 the administration projects that 96.4 million tourists will travel to the United Statesa 29 percent increase over 2014. In addition tourist visits from all but one of the current top-20 visitor countries are expected to grow by 2020. The Commerce Department expects the largest growth from China 163 percent Colombia 54 percent India 42 percent Mexico 37 percent and Taiwan 33 percent. Venezuela is the only country expected to decline over this same period. In addition three countriesChina Canada and Mexicoare expected to account for 61 percent of the growth between 2014 and 2020. To quantify the economic benefit to the U.S. economy USTA researchers estimate that in 2013 international travelers spent 215 billion on products goods and services while in the country.According to USTA this represented 31.2 percent of all U.S. service exports and 9.4 percent of all U.S. exports of goods and services. Given the strong forecasts for increasing international travelers visiting the United States and its corresponding importance to our economy it is critical that our federal regulatory policies help pave the way for smooth entry into the U.S. for international travelers. Speeding up visa clearances and modernizing U.S Customs and entry pro- cessing is central to this. Of course this must be accom- plished without undercutting security. Along these lines PVA has joined with other aligned organizations to actively seek approval of the JOLT Jobs Originating through Launching Travel ActH.R. 1401. This bill was introduced in the U.S. House by Representatives Joe Heck R-NV and Mike Quigley D-IL. They believe that the bill will serve to attract as many as 98 million more visitors to the United States create American jobs and generate as much as 859 billion in revenue by 2020. To accomplish this the bill seeks to increase international tourism to the United States by amending and strengthening the Visa Waiver Program VWP which is part of a layered approach to national security that protects the homeland and the traveling public. VWP enhances national security through individualized pre-screening of travelers greater information sharing enhanced international partnerships with law enforcement and intelligence services and more secure passports for participating countries. The VWP is administered by the U.S. Department of State. We will continue to work on this and other programs to help promote a strong and expanding U.S. tourism market that will benefit PVAmembers and our nation. In the meantime please let me know whenever we can be of assistance to you. Sincerely John R. Groundwater Executive Director n 6 july 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues T he newest member to join the PVA Green WATERS Program Un-CruiseAdventures Seattle WA has a formal partnership with the Californias Monterey BayAquarium Seafood Watch program committing to serve only seafood caught or farmed in ocean-friendly ways. This is the first cruise line to partner with the nationally respected consumer education initiative. Were committed to serving sustainable seafood across our fleet of yachts and small ships said Dan Blanchard CEO of Un-Cruise Adventures. Its the right thing to do and we believe our guests will agree. Seafood Watch empowers consumers and businesses to make choices for healthy oceans. Using science-based peer reviewed methods Seafood Watch assesses how wild-caught and farmed seafood affect the environment and provides recommenda- tions indicating which items are Best Choices Good Alternatives and which ones to Avoid. As a Seafood Watch business partner Un-Cruise Adventures pledges to serve only seafood rated a Best Choice or Good Alternative and to educate its customers suppliers and employees about sustainability issues. Seafood Watch is proud to welcome Un-Cruise Adventures as its newest partner says Seafood Watch Director Jennifer Dianto- Kemmerly. Working together is critical to help create healthy and abundant oceans that will continue to supply us with food help regulate our climate and provide a livelihood for millions of people. By partnering with Seafood Watch Un-Cruise Adventures reflects its awareness about growing public concern with how seafood choices affect the worlds fish populations and the impact of seafood production on ocean health. Un-Cruise Adventures joined the PVA Green WATERS Program this spring. Like dozens of other PVA vessel operators around the U.S. who are members of WATERS We Are Taking Environmental Responsibility Stewardship Un-Cruises has taken it upon itself to reduce their environmental impact in a variety of ways including reducing fuel consumption conserving potable water using less harmful chemicals near waterways conserv- ing energy and working with its employees to create a greener workplace. We are committed to operating responsibly as we explore in some of the most scenic and awe inspiring places on Earth said Blanchard. The PVA Green WATERS Program was designed ex- clusively for the passenger vessel industry as a voluntary program aimed at reducing waste and operating in a cleaner greener more sus- tainable environment. PVA Executive Director John Groundwater said I commend Un-Cruise Adventures for their dedication to the marine environment because Americas waterways depend on orga- nizations like this one who strive to make a dif- ference for cleaner water for everyone to enjoy. Un-Cruise Adventures follows Leave No Trace practices on all voyages and explores remote areas in small groups to minimize impact on the environ- ment. In the lines Seattle and Juneau offices and aboard ships eco-friendly products are purchased waste is reduced through purchasing decisions communities are supported through local purchases hiring and donations and recycling occurs wherever there are facilities. Vessels are maintained with an eye on fuel reduction including choosing more efficient engines. The new partnership with Monterey Bay Aquariums Seafood Watch program reinforces the lines commitment to only serve sustain- able seafood. Un-Cruise Adventures fleet of boutique yachts and small ships carry 22 to 88 guests on adventure and river cruises in Alaska Pacific Northwest Columbia Snake Rivers Hawaii Mexicos Sea of Corts Galpagos Islands Costa Rica and Panama. n Un-Cruise Adventures Becomes First Cruise Line to Partner with Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch and Commits to Serving Only Ocean-Friendly Seafood The 84-guest Safari Endeavour. Photo credit Jocelyn Pride Fast and Smooth Quickshift Technology Expansive Global Service Network Complete Propulsion Systems Unparalleled Reliability WE PUT HORSEPOWER TO WORK Operate with confidence 8 july 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues 100 Furuno designed Linux software improves stability reduces virus risk Fully compliant IMO systems 19 23.1 LCD or Black Box ECDIS with user supplied wide glass bridge monitors are available Simple Ethernet connection to FAR2xx7 Radars saving thousands over complex interface kits www.Facebook.comFuruno ECDISElectronic Chart Display and Information System ECDISElectronic Chart Display and Information System H ornblower Cruises and Events which is head- quartered in San Francisco but has operations in nine cities has a management service system called RESPECT and its core values are spelled out in this acronym. The second E is for Environment. This was deliberately meant to be a two-fer standing both for corporate culture as well as environmental responsibility. Last month I wrote about corporate culture or how the thousands of tasks in a business get accomplished. Let me now turn to the second meaning of environment. Not too long ago virtually all of Americas harbors and rivers were a mess. Our nations capital river the Potomac was not safe for fish or swimming yet it serves as the major source of drinking water for much of the Washington DC metro- politan area. I remember the New England Aquarium as a complete laughingstock in the mid-1960s its location in downtown Boston Harbor was industrial and not very accessible. Im proud that our industrythe passenger vessel industryplayed a pivotal role in revitalizing so many of these water- fronts. Richard OLeary of CI Travel famously had to fight the city fathers of Norfolk VA to get a dock space and the success of The Spirit launched the Waterside and the beginning of a terrific band of waterfront parks in Norfolk. Soon other waterfront de- velopments were created across the country. My professional background on the waterways wasnt always on passenger vessels. It seems like yesterday I experienced the magical feeling when the U.S. Navy helicop- ter carrier I joined left Pearl Harbor HI for a seven-month cruise to the Western Pacific in 1979. As the mountains of Oahu faded over the horizon a beautiful sunset evolved. I was enthralled. Then the ships speaker system blared at an impos- sibly rapid clip. Sweepers sweepers man your broom. Give the ship a good clean sweep fore and aft. Sweep down all decks ladders and passage- A Voyage of Environmental Awareness By Bob Shaw Industry Consultant july 2015 FOGHORN 9 FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues EASY MANEUVERABILITY Give your passengers a smooth ride with reliable John Deere PowerTech propulsion and generator drive engines. With high torque and low-rated rpm they deliver excellent vessel control and quiet operation. For easy navigation on the water Nothing Runs Like A Deere. JohnDeere.commarine 56 to 559 kW 75 to 750 hp ways. Dump all garbage clear of the fantail. Sweepers Soon an army of sailors created a mountain of trash twenty feet high and then two sailors tossed the black plastic bags one at a time over the stern. A trail of black dots floated behind the ship for miles like Hansel and Gretel leaving bread- crumbs clear to the horizon. I was stunned my eyes opened to the harsh reality of trash at sea. And it wasnt that long ago in the early 1990s when commercial vessels used to routinely dump all kinds of water into our waterways. Eventually black water was banned and then civil penalties became criminal penalties for oil spills and other polluting infractions. The U.S. Navy is now a leader in environmen- tal stewardship and meticulously processes its waste. Today our cities have gleaming waterfronts and the Potomac River even hosts swimming competitions with thousands of par- ticipants. What a marvelous develop- ment. I bring this up not to remind myself how old I am but to ask which common business practices today will seem barbaric in the future 150 years ago slavery and serfdom were legal 100 years ago woman couldnt vote 50 years ago blacks effectively couldnt either and 10 years ago gays couldnt marry. Our track record projected in the future can frequently be better. For a while I was out of the excursion boat business serving penance with a non-compete. I was excited to run a large mechanical con- tracting company in Washington D.C. and learn about energy efficiency. We did projects like installing air con- ditioning in the National Cathedral and re-doing the heating system for the Kennedy Center read installing over 10000 feet of eight-inch pipes in a complex yet functioning building. Our team prided itself on having the most LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certified professionals in the D.C. area. But what I really found out was how far my education still had to go. Then I was off to California to work with Hornblower and was amazed by the environmental awareness of their crew. California is on the forefront of many trends and Hornblower founder Terry MacRae started his career as an environmental engineer. Certainly the industry envi- ronmental gold standard is Alcatraz Cruises under the leadership of Scott Thornton. Together with Cameron Clark now GM Hornblower NY they pursued and achieved the rigorous ISO 14001 Environmental Management certification. They are holding themselves accountable in 10 july 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues a myriad of ways and in partner- ship with the National Parks Service Alcatraz Cruises recycles greater than 80 of the waste stream on Alcatraz Island. But it doesnt stop there they have converted three legacy ferry boats to state-of-the-art hybrid boats employing solar wind and battery operations employing proprietary technology. And a fourth hybrid vessel Hornblower Hybrid is now cruising in New York harbor. In California I learned so much about environmental stewardship. Your young crew will demand environmental leadership in your company. While our industry has come so far in the last 25 years we can go even further. What actions today might be viewed as primitive later on What can you do now to be better To help you start your journey if you arent in a position to create your own program I encourage you to look into PVA Green WATERS Program. This free voluntary program offers ideas and guidance on what you and your crew can do right away to become environmental stewards for our precious marine environment. Get started today by going to http www.passengervessel.commember- resources.htmlgreenwaters to learn more. Last month I argued the right corporate culture makes large missions like environmentalism a reality. Next month lets turn to a vital mission of every excursion vessel operator safety. n About the Author Bob Shaw is a veteran industry executive having led over 100 vessels re- sponsible for over 10 million passengers a year. He can be reached at july 2015 FOGHORN 11 FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues S moother quieter faster greener or should we say bluer four words we know that passengers love to hear. And after a close to 3 million overhaul this winter they are the same four words that can be used to aptly describe the newly revital- ized Salacia Boston Harbor Cruises Boston to Provincetown Fast Ferry. Boston Harbor Cruises BCH is a par- ticipating PVA member in the PVA Green WATERS Program a voluntary best green business program developed exclusively for PVA vessel members. BHC joined PVAs Green WATERS Program as an important part of our efforts to ensure environmental respon- For Salacia 15 is the New Brand New and Greener Too By Jeanne Sullivan Boston Harbor Cruises sibility for our company. Were committed to reducing waste and operating in a cleaner bluer more sustainable environment. Salacia now being an EPA Tier III Certified Emissions Level vessel Salacia is refitted with new EPA-Certified Tier III engines. 1 920.686.5117 burgerboat.comcommercial Burger is recognized worldwide for quality custom vessels that provide years of dependable service. Quality Commercial Vessels... Built by Burger to Your Requirements Aluminum and Steel Fabrication Passenger Vessels Research Vessels Fast Crew Boats Fast Supply Boats Wind Farm Support Vessels Fishing Vessels Other Vessels to 260 80m RV ARCTICUS Delivered October 2014 CHICAGOS CLASSIC LADY Delivered May 2014 LUCIA Currently Under Construction 89 27m Steel Passenger Vessel Proudly built in the USA 12 july 2015 FOGHORN FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues is another big step forward in the ongoing process notes Alison Nolan BHC Principal. Salacia a 600-passenger high-speed catamaran joined BHCs fleet nearly 15 years ago. Built in Somerset MAby PVA Associate member Gladding Hearn Shipbuilding Salacia set sail as a state-of-the-art high-speed catamaran used as a design resource in planning many of the Boston areas similar boats that followed. But as we all know time flies And much like it is with dog years boat years add up even quicker than human years do So even with the constant care of BHCs maintenance staff and several extensive aesthetic and mechanical upgrades throughout the years at age 15 Salacia was ready for the complete engine refit that was undertaken this past winter. But long before Salacia went into drydock for her working winter vacation BHC staffs work began with in-depth research to determine the right fit for Salacias specifications to uncover the latest technology and to identify the manufacturer that could best complete the engine-build. After much consideration BHC purchased four MTU 12V4000M64 engines from PVA Associate member Stewart Stevenson Power Products LLC. MTU a subsidiary of Rolls Royce Power Systems and a PVA Associate member is one of the worlds leading manufacturers of large diesel engines and complete pro- pulsion systems - usually used in powerful tug boats. Salacias new engines were manufactured by MTU and assembled in Friedrichshafen Germany where BHC staff visited to witness the engines first dyno test. Once completed the engines were successfully tested and put on a container ship headed for Boston. After her 2014 season Salacia headed to a three-month dry dock in January at the shipyard where she and BHCs entire fleet of high-speed catamarans was built. There crews first completed the removal of the four existing Caterpillar 3512B engines and two generators. Then the delicate installation process began for the four new engines weighing 19000 lbs. each plus two new PVA Associate member John Deere 4045 AFM85 Tier 3 generators amazingly with only two inches of wiggle room for the fit The retrofit of the four new MTU engines took three months and a close collaboration between BHCs Rick Nolan and MTUs Jeff Sherman. july 2015 FOGHORN 13 FOGHORNFOCUS environmental issues The new engines Will reduce diesel emissions increase efficiency and reliability Will make Salacia the first Environmental Protection Agency Tier III Certified Emissions Level vessel operating in Boston Harbor further supporting BHCs participation in the PVA Green WATERS Program Will each operate at 1950 horsepower for a total of 7800 horsepower Will provide superior engine life for Salacia Additional repairs to Salacia included the custom reconditioning of four Rolls Royce Kamewa A-56 waterjets with the assistance of Rolls Royce technicians from Finland and the installation of new marine reduction gears that were no longer in production but PVA Associate member ZF Marine agreed to build four from scratch for the project in addition to many other modifications and upgrades. In May Salacia 2.0 pulled up to the dock at Long Wharf in Boston and welcomed passengers aboard for the first time in the 2015 season. And down in her engine room the four new engines were humming with promise of a smoother quieter faster AND greener ride. n MARINE GROUP B o a t w o r k s 619 621-2220 Marine Group Boat Works is the newest California boatbuilder and repairer of steel and aluminum high-speed ferries catamarans and passenger vessels up to 665-tons. Operating two shifts six days per week for fast turnarounds and minimized vessel time out-of-service. New construction in steel aluminum and composite Hull modifications and extensions engine repowers Complete service life extension refits Complete USCG dry docking services USCG regulatory experts on staff ABSUSCG-certified welders About the Author Jeanne Sullivan is the Customer Experience Navigator for Boston Harbor Cruises the oldest and largest private operator of passenger vessels in the United States. BHCs 44 vessels make 329 scheduled weekday departures during the summer season carrying over two million passengers each year. Sullivan is a recipient of the David Clark Excellence in Editorial Award for her November 2014 FOGHORN article on customer service. After the retrofit Salacia produces fewer emissions and is more efficient. 14 july 2015 FOGHORN regulatoryReport Oshore support vessels Passenger ferries Naval Military vessels By Peter Lauridsen PVA Regulatory Affairs Consultant E very day the U.S. Coast Guard and the passenger vessel industry interact. Most of those intersections are routine events based on mutual understanding of our common safety goals and the need to meet certain key regulations for certification. Without a Certificate of Inspection the business ceases to function. Regardless of the character of those interactions understanding mutual roles and communication are the foundation of an effective safety program. I dont know if there is such a thing as a typical passenger vessel company or a typical marine inspector but I do know that there are certain characteristics for each party that arise from sourcing op- portunity experience and public or private sector employment. Marine inspectors are active duty Coast Guard personnel primarily commissioned officers. Some come to the marine safety program as an initial assignment. Some have had other Coast Guard mission assign- ments and are rotating in as a matter of choice or service needs. Some of these personnel have risen from enlisted ranks with rating special- ties such as machinery technician electrician damage control or other ratings often with shipboard duty. As a result of the Enhanced Marine Safety Program there is an effort to fill a percentage of officer and Government and Industry Meet in the Middle july 2015 FOGHORN 15 regulatoryReport Profitable Punctual Passage Maximized uptime means your passengers stay on schedule. Cat marine engines come aboard with ratings from 450 to 3400 hp and meet EPA Tier 3 emission standards. Youll get top productivity and fuel efficiency with the support you need to power your success. Visit your local Cat marine dealer or learn more about us at marine.Cat.Com 2013 Caterpillar. All rights reserved. CAT CATERPILLAR buILT foR IT their respective logos ACERT Caterpillar Yellow and the Power Edge trade dress as well as corporate and product identity used herein are trademarks of Caterpillar and may not be used without permission. 3512C Tier 3C32 ACERT Tier 3C18 ACERT Tier 3 Cat_PVA Ad_Punctual Passage.indd 1 62613 314 PM civilian positions with personnel from maritime academies or the maritime industry. Many of the new civilian positions were quickly filled with marine inspectors retiring from military service. This added to the stability of the inspection workforce but did little to bring fresh industry based insight to the marine safety program. Regardless of source the challenge for the Coast Guard is to turn this talent into regulators with knowledge of volumes of regula- tions policies and skills to interact with the civilian community. For those transitioning from other Coast Guard missions with a pure military or law enforcement culture the challenge may be greater than those without that background. The regulator education starts with a basic marine safety course at the Coast Guard training center in Yorktown VA. The goal is to create a marine inspector with basic quali- fications for inspection of small passenger vessels and barges. These two categories of vessels make up the vast majority of all Coast Guard inspected vessels. After that there is an assignment to a large sector with a mix of vessels and services and the tutelage of a dedicated training officer. Beyond that there is on the job experience and exposure pointing toward demonstrating qualification in specific marine safety program taskings. These marine inspectors achieve additional tasking expertise prior to moving on to another sector or smaller units where the inspected fleet may not be as varied and or each inspector becomes a more important entity in a smaller pool of marine safety program resources. This is the face of the Coast Guard on the waterfront. On the industry side the face of industry is usually the licensed individual who has years of expe- rience most often focused in the passenger vessel industry. Here the sourcing is often people who came to the industry as unlicensed part time employees people from other customer service venues such as res- taurants or entertainment new gen- erations that grew up in the family business hobbyists that turn their passion into a career or those that come from service in other segments of the marine transportation system. The path to a license now a merchant mariner credential could be years of apprenticeship in the business rising from deck hand to broader marine duties under supervision and finally to license examination preparation schools. This path is often defined by the company structure of family 16 july 2015 FOGHORN regulatoryReport Let MCM manage your insurance so you can focus on your voyage MCM is a leading independent insurance brokerage based in the Pacific Northwest. Our marine practice group has more than 100 years of combined experience placing insurance and managing the marine industrys unique risks. Whether were working with vessel operators builders repair facilities or suppliers we create specialized solutions that meet each clients needs. EMpLoyEE BEnEfits ExECutivE BEnEfits REtiREMEnt pLans insuRanCE advisoRy pRopERty CasuaLty Contact Damon L. Nasman at 206 262-6375 or email business corporate structures government services or military service. Knowledge of regulatory standards comes from employment exposure in a comprehensively regulated endeavor and interacting with the Coast Guard and other regulators local and national. It also comes from industry trade associa- tions participation in the rulemaking process Coast Guard industry days and industry sponsored events such as conventions and trade shows. An operators experience may give a deep appreciation and understanding of the regulations and policies applicable to their employment. All these resources and experiences form the foundation of the ultra safe industry that we in the industry and the Coast Guard have created. This does not come automatically and the catalyst is communication. Vice Admiral Jim Card when he was the Coast Guards Chief of the Office of Marine Safety Security and Environmental Protection not only recognized the wealth of infor- mation and talent across the maritime community but formalized the process by which we educate reinforce and cooperate in our mutual goal of safety of life property and the environment. He called it Prevention Through People and among its principles were partnership honor the mariner and non-regula- tory solutions founded on the work of Coast Guardindustry natural working groups. When the regulatory regime runs too fast and too far or too slow and un- responsive these principles tend to dampen the oscillations and refocus our mutual efforts to the betterment of regulator and regulated alike. n January 23-26 2016 PVA Annual Convention at MariTrends 2016 Hyatt Regency Crystal City Washington DC For more information go to PVA member calender july 2015 FOGHORN 17 regulatoryReport By Ed Welch PVA Legislative Director O nce again Congress faces a looming deadline July 31 by which time the nations surface trans- portation law must be extended amended or replaced. Without legislative action federal funding for highway and transit projects will dry up. Federal grants for construction of ferry boats and terminals will also be affected. The current federal surface transportation law is called MAP-21 the Moving Ahead for Progress for the 21st Century Act. It was signed into law only three years ago and at the time lawmakers knew it had a short shelf life as it was scheduled to expire in September 2014. When that deadline approached Congress had made little progress in crafting a replacement so MAP-21 was extended tempo- rarily until the end of May 2015. And when that deadline neared an even shorter-term extension was enacted this time until July 31. The likelihood that a long-term replacement for MAP-21 can be completed by the end of this month is almost nil. So we are probably going to see yet another temporary renewal or patch. Whats with Congress inability to approve a long-term Fate of Federal Ferry Grants Caught Up in Debate on Transportation Funding 18 july 2015 FOGHORN LEGISLATIVEReport 2570 Beverly Dr. 128 Aurora IL 60502 T 630.236.3500 CENTA Power trAnsmIssIon LeADIng By InnovAtIon USA based production Over 20 unique designs Over 16 million sold Torsional vibration experts Trust CENTA The Global Innovator Since 1970 CENTALINK Carbon Fiber Driveshafts Innovative flexible couplings for marine applications surface transportation bill Whats the stumbling block that prevents agreement on a replacement law that would have a duration of five or six years the customary life-span of a highwaytransit law The dilemma comes down to money. Funds for highway and transit construction come primarily from the federal governments Highway Trust Fund. Revenues placed into the Highway Trust Fund are generated by the federal tax collected from motorists when they fill up at the gas pump. For a variety of reasons there no longer is enough revenue going into the Trust Fund than the amounts needed to construct repair and maintain the countrys highways and transit systems. It costs more to build or repair a road now than it did in the past just as it costs more to build a ferry vessel or terminal. However revenues into the Trust Fund are not keeping pace. Thats partly an unintended result of our nations great success in improving fuel efficiency for vehicles. Even though the number of miles driven keeps rising the number of gallons of gasoline consumed hasnt gone up commensurately because the typical car or truck can travel so much further on a single gallon of fuel. The biggest factor however is that the federal gas tax has been stagnant for just about 23 years. The current rate 18.4 cents per gallon was estab- lished in 1993 during the first year of Bill Clintons presidency. Given the rising costs of road construction since that time gas tax receipts simply no longer produce the amount of revenue needed today. For the most part lawmakers of both parties are unwilling to consider increasing the federal gas tax to fund the Highway Trust Fund. Other sources of revenue have been bandied about. Some have suggested a tax based on miles driven by a motorist. Others have offered the idea of enacting incen- tives to encourage corporations with monies parked overseas to re- patriate those earnings thereby producing a one-time infusion of income taxes.And the idea of tapping general revenues has proponents. However no proposal for increasing revenues has gained sufficient leg- islative traction nor has the idea of combining several of these proposals. july 2015 FOGHORN 19 LEGISLATIVEReport How might these ferry grant programs change under a new law The Grow America Act proposes to gradually increase the amount awarded by the FHWA to almost 77 million by fiscal 2021. The DRIVE Act S. 1647 would prevent FHWA funding from being used to construct or purchase a vessel for private ownership. It would also alter the three formula factors in response to pleas from eligible operators that carry large numbers of passengers but no vehicles. Renewal of federal funding for ferry vessel construction remains a legislative priority for the Passenger Vessel Association. n 26 MAY 2013 FOGHORN REGuLaTORyREPoRT grandfathered compliance deferred for good and sufficient reason by the new regulation. Also your own records may contain the informa- tion you need if a previous oCMI accepted the installation or process under the equivalency or alternative provisions contained in regulation. If the response to your request for a cited regulation and reason is vague or one that threatens addi- tional actions it is likely founded on less than regulation. A threatening response is both unwarranted and unprofessional. Under ordinary cir- cumstances resolution should be at the lowest level possible. In this case the route to resolution is less clear but still ultimately leads to the oCMI or higher authority if not resolved beforehand. Should you decide to appeal POWERFUL FLEXIBLE INTUITIVE. Learn more at Online Reservations and Tour Management Customized for your business and designed around your brand 415.431.5520 Increase sales Let customers see real-time availability and book online 247 Let hotel concierges book trips for their patrons Integrate with Facebook Twitter and Trip Advisor Add new customers to your email marketing lists automatically Offer promotions and discounts on your terms Accept Groupon and Living Social vouchers Improve your operating efficiency Modify trips and reservations from anywhere Completely eliminate overbooking View detailed sales and passenger reports Increase customer satisfaction Let customers see real-time trip availability before they book Send automated email reminders and directions Let customers book from their computer smartphone or iPad Completely web-based Nothing to install. Use it At the office At home On your laptop On your smartphone On your iPad At the dock Free setup training and ongoing support Fully hosted and managed 247 Personal U.S.-based account reps MOST TOUR OPERATORS CAN USE STARBOARD SUITE FOR FREE remembe lation on has made to challen authority authority an ackno work you command hindrance the adopt Enhanced many Sec commen entities o included and pers their busin case in yo While are relat addressed support ed and a marine sa hundred These new need to be administr to mission then teste senior off probably t Like a missions quiremen tion befor tasks. The that traini is not nece goal for m ficiency. In is not only and polici using the exercise e and altern propriate. the operat of comma by the ins pervisory Without new revenues to the Highway Trust Fund Congress is stymied in its desire to enact a long-term surface transportation act. Some proposals have been put forward. In March the Obama Administration proposed a legislative package styled the Grow America Act. In June a Senate Committee approved a bill entitled the DRIVE Act the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act. However neither proposal addresses the fundamental issue of funding sources so their outlook for success is murky at best. Tucked into the current MAP-21 law are two programs that provide grant funds to help construct certain ferry vessels and terminals. One is under the auspices of the Federal Highway Administration FHWA. The other is overseen by the Federal Transit Administration FTA. The FHWA program provides capital grants for the construction of ferry boats terminals and main- tenance facilities. Eligible recipients are public bodies that own or operate ferries and also certain public-private partnerships engaged in providing ferry services. There is a substantial non-federal cost-share requirement at least 20 percent and funds can be used only for capital projects not operating expenses. Up to 67 million can be awarded each year and funds are distributed based on a formula. The three factors in the formula are 1 number of passengers carried by ferries in the state 20 percent 2 number of vehicles carried by ferries in the state 45 percent and 3 route- miles served in the state 35 percent. The FTAs grant program is com- petitive. It provides up to 30 million per year for eligible public applicants that operate ferries in federally desig- nated Urbanized Areas generally a geographic region with a population that exceeds 50000. 20 july 2015 FOGHORN how pva benefits you By Jen Wilk Director Public Affairs and Development PVA Working For You PVA Advocacy Results in Positive Action for Vessel Operators 1910 Unruh Court New Albany IN 47150 Tel 812.945.8988 13705 Gainesville St. Houston TX 77015 Tel 713.330.8200 WATER LUBRICATED MARINE BEARINGS SLEEVE AND FLANGED CONFIGURATIONS IN STOCK AT TIMCO DURABLE LONG LASTING EASY TO INSTALL P VAs strategic initiatives have yielded recent success in taking on issues that impact your business. As a result of PVAs outreach to the U.S. Coast Guard there has been an increase in enforcement action against rail jumpers. This initiative draws public attention to the consequences of this activity and addresses a key safety concern among operators. Additionally due to PVAs pro-active engagement on proposed rules Coast Guard re-opened a rulemaking to include required cost analysis. This gave PVA further opportunity to evaluate and challenge the economic impact of the proposal. Enforcement Action Against Rail Jumping In response to increased nationwide activity of pas- sengers intentionally jumping overboard commonly referred to as rail jumping PVAengaged the Coast Guard to increase enforcement action against offenders. Rail jumping creates a dangerous operating environ- ment because it usually occurs near to shore and diverts the crews attention from important docking procedures onto man overboard processes. PVA urged the Coast Guard to act upon its federally mandated authority to assign fines to the individuals engaged in rail jumping. PVA wanted the Coast Guard to exercise its enforcement authority to publicly discourage passengers jumping overboard. As a result Coast Guard leadership sent a message to the field emphasizing the legal basis and procedures for issuing a ticket to a passenger who interferes with the safe operation of a vessel. july 2015 FOGHORN 21 how pva benefits you Navigating your risks day and night. As the owner of a passenger vessel you face tough decisions every day from hiring qualied crew to making sure your vessel is in prime condition. At Aon we spend day and night thinking about your maritime risks so buying insurance doesnt have to be another tough decision. We work with you to develop creative approaches and customized solutions that deliver more efficiencies improved protability and greater value. For more information please call 1.800.730.7053 or visit passengervessel.commember-resources.htmlinsurance Risk. Reinsurance. Human Resources. Navigating your Aon Risk Solutions Marine It was PVAs advocacy efforts that lead to this authority and penalty statutorily mandated by a Congressional amendment to the pre-existing law. Previous versions of the statute only allowed an operator to be charged but this amendment provided the Coast Guard the ability to peruse a civil penalty against any individual that interfered with the safe operation of a vessel. Recently there have been at least two instances of Coast Guard en- forcement that have garnered media attention reinforcing the dangers and costly consequences of rail jumping. In April Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound fined a man 5000 for inten- tionally jumping off a vessel.Another civil fine was issued for rail jumping in the San Francisco Bay area where the Coast Guard fined a passenger 5000 for jumping off a moving vessel in June. In both instances the individuals were safely recovered by the crew but the individuals were later met shore side with enforcement actions by Coast Guard authorities. Challenging Cost Analysis of Proposed Regulation PVA challenged the Coast Guards regulatory cost analysis in its additional comments on the recently re-opened proposed rule Consolidation of Cruise Ship Security Measures USCG-2006- 23846. PVA had previously commented both at a public hearing and through written comments on the appropriate application of this rule. As currently defined this proposal would go beyond the scope of large terminals and extend to facilities that receive cruise ship tenders even though they do not receive cruise ships them- selves. PVA additionally challenged the Coast Guards cost impact analyses. These important components of eval- uating every rulemaking include the Preliminary Regulatory Analysis and the Regulatory Flexibility Analysis which include a variety of evalua- tion factors including examining the scope and size of businesses that will be impacted and the actually cost of implementing the new rule. When the Coast Guard found that it had failed to post on www.regua- the required Regulatory Analyses it posted the document and reopened the comment period for further public review. In its follow-up comments PVA stated that these released analyses dramatically un- derestimate the cost to be incurred 22 july 2015 FOGHORN how pva benefits you Increased sales through our multiple low to no cost marketing plans. Decreased operating cost by eliminating redundancy and automating workflow for better efficiency. Flexible management tools to give you the ultimate control over your sales and operations. DESTINATION MANAGER THE COMPLETE SALES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Formally Virtual Ticketer No Risk Free Trial Tim Eversole Director of Sales and Support Tel 504 840-9800 X 113 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 113 Cell 859 652-9885 YOUR COMPLETE TICKETING SOLUTION. Michael Brydon Director of Sales and Support Tel 504 840-9800 X 101 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 101 Cell 504 914-7334 Gordon Stevens President CEO New Orleans Steamboat Company Gray Line Tours We have been using the Virtual Ticketer for six years and have been extremely pleased with the product software and service. We give this reservation system our very highest recommendation. ................................................................................................. Hugh Mackenzie General Manager Kingston 1000 Islands Cruises and Trolley The advantage with Ticketer is that its client based. This allows us to provide a customer multiple events packages or services all under one reservation which has contributed to our success. ......................................................................................... Rose M. Christian Treasurer Native Son Ferry The Virtual Ticketer has increased our revenues with new sales capabilities and has helped us better manage our company by streamlining our operations. Increased sales through our multiple low to no cost marketing plans. Decreased operating cost by eliminating redundancy and automating workflow for better efficiency. Flexible management tools to give you the ultimate control over your sales and operations. DESTINATION MANAGER THE COMPLETE SALES AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Formally Virtual Ticketer No Risk Free Trial Tim Eversole Director of Sales and Support Tel 504 840-9800 X 113 Toll Free 877 265-3521 X 113 Cell 859 652-9885 YOUR COMPLETE TICKETING SOLUTION. Captain Memos Pirate Cruise Clearwater Beach FL Ms. Pamela Wozencraft Vessel Member Miami Pirate Duck Tours Miami FL Mr. Andy Langesfeld Vessel Member River City Ducks LLC dba Chattanooga Ducks Chattanooga TN Captain Alex Moyers Vessel Member Sightseer Enterprises Inc. Wildwood NJ Captain Charles Schumann Vessel Member Starfish Fishing Cruising LLC Woodbine NJ Mr. Robert Rush Vessel Member VC Hartley Fishing LLC Woodbine NJ Mr. Victor Hartley Vessel Member PVA WELCOMES NEW MEMBERS by industry should the rule go into effect. PVA pointed out that this proposal substantially impacts small entities not originally considered the cost analyses. PVA stated a typical port of call is either owned or operated by a small company or government entity. PVA continues to urge the Coast Guard to change the definitions and scope of this rule. These statements support PVAs ongoing efforts to highlight the cost of regulation and the cumulative impact of regulation on small businesses. PVAcontinually takes this message directly to lawmakers and regulators stating that PVA members are greatly concerned about the economic burdens imposed by cumulative impact of numerous federal laws and regulations. PVA members run safe and compliant operations and find it increasingly challenging to do business in an over-regulated environ- ment. PVA continues to stress the economic impact any regulation has on the passenger vessel industry. n july 2015 FOGHORN 23 safety Security MATTERS By Eric Christensen Director of Regulatory Affairs and Risk Management The Legacy of the Eastland T odays domestic passenger vessel industry is among the safest modes of transporta- tion in the United States. In fact the senior leadership of the Coast Guard has publicly praised PVA and its members for their enviable safety record. This is a testament to the professionalism of present day vessel operators and their com- mitment to maintain- ing a consistently high standard of safety for both passengers and crew. This achievement is also the result of ever evolving regulations and standards administered by the U.S. Coast Guard designed to prevent harm to people property and the environment by in- corporating lessons learned through casualty investigation. The Eastland is a casualty often overshadowed by the Titanic but it arguably had a greater impact on the safety of the domestic passenger vessel fleet and certainly had a more lasting impact on the nations regulatory regime. In fact July 24 2015 marks 100 years since the capsizing of the passenger steamer Eastland. With the loss of 844 souls 841 passengers and three crew the Eastland disaster ranks as one of the greatest loss of life casualties in U.S. maritime history surpassed only by the fires onboard the Sultana in 1865 and the General Slocum in 1904. The Eastland was not lost due to fire nor sinking in the open ocean without enough lifeboats like the Titanic three years earlier. The Maintenance Management Program Cloud Based - Access from any Device with any browser Maintenance - Inventory - Documentation Intuitive User Interface Flagship Integration Turnkey Setup w w w . W h e e l H o u s e T e c h . c o m - 9 7 8 - 5 6 2 - 5 2 1 1 Foghorn_March_2015.indd 1 2202015 34342 PM Eastland 1907 Eastland capsized at the dock in the Chicago River as a result of being in an unstable condition. The Eastlands initial construction and significant modifications without regard to stability made the casualty inevitable. The regulatory changes invoked in the years following the disaster remain today and serve as an enduring legacy to those who lost their lives. The Eastland was designed and built by the Jenks Ship Building Company of Port Huron Michigan in 1903. She was the first and only passenger vessel built by Jenks a yard known for building Great Lakes freighters. She was designed to be fast with a long and narrow hull. She was also designed with a shallow draft so she could access ports such as South Haven MI which had sand bars offshore. Her design required the installation and management of a water ballast system 24 july 2015 FOGHORN Expert Boat Builders Steel Aluminum Construction 360331-5500 x 311 with Expeditions We are proud to be working with new PVA member Mavrik Marine on our new Passenger Ferry EXPEDITIONS six. EXPEDITIONS 1-800-695-2624 safety Security MATTERS to control the draft. Once the vessel was in deep water ballast could be added to stabilize the vessel. Originally certificated in 1903 for 2800 passengers there was never a stability test done on the completed vessel. The regulations of the time did not require stability tests. Passenger capacity was determined solely by the Steamboat Inspection Services Local Board of Inspectors. Local inspectors used their experience and took vessel type and local operating conditions into consideration when determining passenger capacity. The Eastland had a reputation as a cranky vessel. Her passenger capacity varied over the years from a high of 3300 to a low of around 2000. Local inspector actions to reduce passenger capacity were associated with incidents where passengers complained of the vessel listing too far on one side or the other. Numerous modi- fications were made to the vessel between 1903 and 1915 including the relocation of the main engines addition of air conditioning units removal of passenger cabins concrete deck repairs and the addition of lifeboats and liferafts. A number of lifeboats and liferafts were added as a result of the sinking of the Titanic as the Steamboat Inspection Service implemented new laws regarding passenger capacity and lifesaving equipment. Again all of these modifications were made without additional stability tests or calculations. THE DISASTER Early on the morning of Saturday July 24 1915 thousands were gathering along the Chicago River for Western Electrics fifth annual employee picnic in Michigan City IN. Five vessels had been chartered to take employees across Lake Michigan and the Eastland was the first to be loaded for a 730 a.m. departure. At just after 700 a.m. with her full load of 2500 passengers on board the vessel began to list to port. The chief engineer attempted to counter ballast the vessel with water and twice in a 20-minute period the vessel righted itself from 10 to 15 degree port lists. The third time however the Eastland continued to list to port and once she reached a 30-degree list water began to down-flood through main deck hatches and open port lights. The crew attempted to get passengers to move to the starboard side but that soon became impossible against the list.At a 45-degree port list the Eastland was lost and she gently rolled her side barely making a splash. Within moments 22 entire families were wiped out. INVESTIGATIONS AND IMMEDIATE ACTIONS In the aftermath of the disaster no fewer than seven inquiries into the disaster were announced. They included the Chicago Coroner and the Harbor and Wharfs Commission the States Attorney of Illinois the Secretary of Commerce and the Supervising Inspector General of july 2015 FOGHORN 25 safety Security MATTERS the Steamboat Inspection Service the Chicago City Council and the Illinois Public Utilities Commission. Many of these inquiries sought to place criminal blame and responsibility for the disaster. In the end the scrap value of the vessel was used to com- pensate victims and no one was held accountable for the loss of 844 lives. President Woodrow Wilson dis- patched the Secretary of Commerce William Redfield who commis- sioned a Board of Inquiry from the Steamboat Inspection Service to in- vestigate the cause of the accident. The Board of Inquiry delivered its pre- liminary report to Secretary Redfield on August 5 1915. A final report on cause and responsible persons for the disaster could not completed due to the restrictions placed on the board by the Grand Jury criminal investiga- tion. From the preliminary report rec- ommendations were made to increase Left Eastland 1915 Right The tug Kenosha acts as a bridge as survivors evacuate the Eastland. Find your local sales rep at www.portsupply.comcontact-us or email us at for more information. USCG regulations have changed Know which AIS device you need. em-trak A100 AIS Class A Transceiver Fully USCG certified for all commercial vessel installations at deep sea and in coastal and inland waters. Single unit solution Small and lightweight Rmax technology for high performance Simple to install and configure Rugged design Intuitive user interface Model 12333944 Commercial vessels in United States waters must have a USCG-certified Class A or B AIS transceiver operational at all times by March 2016. PVA Member Price 1798 26 july 2015 FOGHORN safety Security MATTERS Feb 1 2012 Run as is the safety of passenger vessels. These recommendations included Establishing a board of competent naval architects within the Department of Commerce respon- sible for the review and approval of construction plans and stability calculations for steam merchant vessels greater than 100 gross tons. In addition no vessel would receive a license for service Certificate of Inspection until the plans were approved and the vessels safety seaworthiness and stability were demonstrated to the satisfaction of the board Requiring any alterations to a vessel subsequent to construction be approved the board of naval ar- chitects Increases of passenger capacities be approved by the Supervising Inspector of the District where the vessel operates and Provide for the appeal of the findings decisions of the local Board of Inspectors. Pending enactment of these rec- ommendations into law by Congress the Board of Inquiry recommended that no passenger capacity increases be granted until a personal inspec- tion of the vessel was conducted and a written record of the inspec- tion completed. Another provisional recommendation was that passenger vessel owners be required to conduct inclining tests under the supervision of a naval architect if there was any reason to question the stability of their vessel. Within two weeks of the Eastland disaster the city of Chicago actually mandated stability tests for big Great Lakes passenger steamers. The first test was conducted on the whaleback steamer Christopher Columbus on August 5 1915 in what the New York Times quoted as an unusual inclining test in an effort to tip it over. The test supervised by U. S. Naval Constructor consisted of loading 7500 sand bags weighing 100 pounds each onto the top decks of the vessel. The bags were then transferred to one side of the vessel. The moment created by the shifting weight resulted in a heel angle of 12 degrees which was considered a success by the experts on board the vessel. As a modern frame of reference Coast Guard requirements call for an angle of heel no more than 14 degrees when conducting a simplified stability test. A Lasting Regulatory Legacy The first of the recommendations to become law concerned the determi- nation of passenger capacity on steam passenger vessels. TheAct of February 14 1917 required more supervision over the work of local inspectors and july 2015 FOGHORN 27 safety Security MATTERS gave needed authority to the District Supervisory Inspector to reduce passenger capacities as deemed necessary as well as be the approving authority for increases in passenger capacity. The ability to appeal the decision of the local in- spectors followed on June 10 1918. Legislative change to establish a board of naval ar- chitects within the Department of Commerce to approve vessel hull and machinery construction proved to be elusive for a number of years. In annual reports following the Eastland disaster the Supervising Inspector General continued to promote the advantages of having such a board. First it would allow the department to employ experts more familiar with construction than the local inspectors. Second it would provide uniformity in the application of standards. By 1922 Section 9 of the General Rules and regulations prescribed by the Board of Supervisory Inspectors incorporated the use of American Bureau of Shipping rules for hull boiler and machinery construction as an accepted standard used by local in- spectors. Eventually all of the recommendation made it into federal law and regulation. Today the U.S. Coast Guard carries out the marine safety mission started by the Steamboat inspection Service. The Coast Guards Marine Safety Center is a repository of engineers and naval ar- chitects charged with approving vessel plans for U.S. flag commercial vessels. Vessel modifications and changes in passenger capacity must be approved by the Coast Guard either locally or at the Maine Safety Center in most cases before the vessel is allowed to operate. CONCLUSION In the 100 years since the Eastland disaster there have been significant improvements to shipbuilding technol- ogy crew competence and the regulations governing inspection and certification of U.S. passenger vessels. The result of these efforts is that the U.S. has not experi- enced such a dramatic loss of life on a passenger vessel since July 1915. That said accidents involving foreign vessels overseas such as the Sewol Norman Atlantic and Orient Star demonstrate what can happen when constant vigilance is lost and complacency sets in. The PVA staff stands ready to assist members in maintaining a culture of safety that keeps passengers safe and vessels operating. n OVER 65 YEARS COOLING THE MARINE INDUSTRY R.W. Fernstrum is committed to providing long-lasting quality cooling systems. Our engineers work with you to custom design a solution that meets the needs of your vessel and operating conditions. GRIDCOOLER Keel Cooler Tranter Heat Exchangers WEKA Boxcooler ENGINEERED COOLING SOLUTIONS. 906.863.5553 Photo courtesy of Blount Boats Inc. A_RW01-0115-FogHorn-Ad-Blount-Boats-Final.indd 1 1815 316 PM Complete control and steering systems for vessels of all types and sizes. 1 604572-3935 Surrey BC Canada KOBELT MANUFACTURING CO.LTD. 28 july 2015 FOGHORN membernews The Adventure Travel Trade Association ATTA an organization supporting the travel trade worldwide published a report last spring about PVA VesselmemberSeattle- based Un-Cruise Adventures par- ticipation with the PVA Green WATERS Program saying Members of WATERS We Are Taking Environmental ResponsibilityStewardship around the U.S. have taken it upon them- selves to reduce their environmental impact in a variety of ways including reducing fuel consumption con- serving potable water using less harmful chemicals near waterways conserving energy and working with their employees to create a greener workplace. Not be outdone a recent article in Travel Pulse an online travel destination information source described the program as a voluntary program aimed at creating a cleaner greener marine environ- ment. The PVA Green WATERS envi- ronmental stewardship program is designed exclusively for PVA members to allow them to easily implement green business practices and conserve protect and preserve the natural environment while also cutting expenses. Developed by industry experts and tailored for passenger vessel operators the PVA Green WATERS program efficiently guides you through the often-com- plex world of green. As the program gains traction in traveltourism media outlets the all-voluntary PVA Green WATERS Program continues to gain interest PVA Green WATERS Program Cited in Travel Publications and growth by PVA members who are committed to being stewards to the marine environment in which all PVA Vessel members work. With good reason environmental stew- ardship is an important element of responsible business management today and customers are increasingly demanding this type of action. In fact a recent survey of 1000 U.S. travelers showed that an astounding 71 percent of them preferred eco-friendly es- tablishments saying that being pro- environment was important to their decision-making. That explains why on every given day this summer tens of thousands vessel passengers are riders on PVAs Green Fleet members who are participating in the PVAGreen WATERS Programthats more than 53 million people a year. The PVA Green Fleet consists of virtually every type of vessel in the Put Your Fleet at Your Fingertips gplink_halfpage.indd 1 1142015 33702 PM july 2015 FOGHORN 29 membernews For the best in custom Marinas Gangways Floating Structures Bridges Security Gates Catwalks Web Email Tel 800.332.3625 PVA membership ferries excursion water taxis dinner boats and overnight cruise ships operating on waterways throughout the nation. This easy-to-implement program was developed specifically for PVA member use. To learn more about the program and how it can benefit your operation go to member-resources.htmlgreenwaters or contact Karen Rainbolt at or call 571-388-7752. n Rhode Island Fast Ferry Awarded Contract for Offshore Wind Farm Vessel Rhode Island Fast Ferry North Kingstown RI has entered an agreement for the first U.S.-built crew transfer vessel which will be built by PVA Associate member Blount Boats Warren RI. This long-term charter services agreement is the first deal of its kind to be signed in the U.S. and marks a significant milestone in the develop- ment and deployment of U.S. offshore wind a market that has recently escalated. We are very excited to be a part of this offshore wind farm project. Launching Atlantic Wind Transfers and building the first crew transfer vessel in the Unites States with local company Blount Boats is not only good for the State of Rhode Island but it will also provide for future growth and enhance the capabilities of our company in the U.S. offshore energy sector said Charles A. Donadio Jr. President Rhode Island Fast Ferry. Rhode Island Fast Ferry will be investing over 4 million to build the vessel and provide training to meet the needs of the Block Island Wind Farm. Marcia Blount President of Blount Boats stated We are honored to be chosen to build the first U.S.-flagged wind farm vessel in the United States. n Wendella Launches New Vessel Lucia Wendella Sightseeing Boats Chicago IL has taken delivery of its newest vessel Lucia. Designed by PVA Associate member Timothy Graul Marine Design of Sturgeon Bay WI and built by PVA Associate member Burger Boat Company Manitowoc WI Lucia is a 89 steel passenger vessel. Wendella is a participant in the PVA Green WATERS Program. Lucia designed by Timothy Graul Marine Design of Sturgeon Bay WI was launched earlier in the season and has a passenger capacity of 340 guests who will enjoy tours specialty cruises and private events on two decks. Lucia is certified as a U.S. Coast Guard Subchapter K vessel and is powered by two Caterpillar C12 main engines and has two Northern Lights generators both companies are PVAAssociate members. n 30 july 2015 FOGHORN advertisersindex LETTER FROM THE president Continued from page 4 newswire while avoiding incidents with recre- ational boaters. One solution might be to invite these waterways stakehold- ers to your operation and have them ride in your pilothouse with you to demonstrate your vantage point. It may be a most enlightening experi- ence for them. For further statistical analysis and the USCG 2014 recreational boating report you can visit httpuscgboat- ing.orglibraryaccident-statistics Recreational-Boating-Statistics-2014. pdf. n Respectfully Dave Anderson President Californias Legislature Accepts PVAs Suggested Language on PFD Legislation Californias legislature is on the verge of completing action on a bill to require vessel operators in that state to ensure that children of under 13 years of age wear personal flotation devices PFDs at all times unless they are in enclosed cabins or similar spaces. However as a result of intervention by the Passenger Vessel Association the bill has been amended to clarify that it does not apply to the types of commer- cial passenger vessels operated by PVA members. The bill AB 638 was sponsored by Assemblyman Jim Frazier. PVA member Hornblower Cruises and Events of San Francisco alerted PVA Headquarters staff to the legislation after it had passed the California Assembly but before it had been considered by the California Senate. As originally written the bill applied to the operator of any vessel broadly defined in the California Harbors and Navigation Code as ships of all kinds steamboats steamships canal boats barges sailing vessels and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place for the transportation of merchandise or persons. PVA pointed out to the bills sponsor and to the California Senate Committee of jurisdiction that the bill as written applied to PVA member vessels. This was inadvertent because the sponsor meant for it to cover recreational boats only. PVA provided language to make clear that Coast Guard-inspected passenger vessels and small passenger vessels as defined in section 2101 of the United States Code are exempt from the requirement. The California Senate amended the bill to incorporate PVAs suggested exemption language then approved the revised bill on June 22. The Assembly subsequently concurred in the Senates amendment. AB 638 awaits Governors signature into law. n All American Marine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Aon Risk Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Blount Boats Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Burger Boat Company. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Carus AB Ltd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Caterpillar Marine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Centa Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Dejong and Lebet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Expeditions Maui LanaI Ferry. . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Freedman Seating Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Furuno USA Inc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 GPLINK LLC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Hamilton Jet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 HUMPHREE USA LLC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 John Deere Power Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Kobelt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Marine Group Boat Works. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 MCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Metal Shark Aluminum Boats . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Motor Services Hugo Stamp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 MTU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Nichols Bros.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Port SupplyWest Marine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 RW Fernstrum Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Scania USA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Springfield Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Starboard Suite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Timco Marine Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Topper Industries Inc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Twin Disc Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 UES Seating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Virtual Ticketing Solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 VT Halter Marine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Wells Fargo Insurance Services. . . . . . . . . . . . 10 WheelHouse Technologies Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Zerve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Partnering for success. Your business is our business. Motor-Services Hugo Stamp Inc. Authorized Distributor and Service Center EPA 3 Configuration Displacement Weight lbs Medium Duty P3 Heavy Duty P2 Heavy Duty P2 Continuous Duty P1 12M26.3 12 cyl 31.8 liters 7496 1650mhp 2300rpm 1500mhp 2200rpm 1400mhp 2100rpm 1200mhp 1800rpm EPA 3 Configuration Displacement Weight lbs Medium Duty P3 Heavy Duty P2 Heavy Duty P2 Continuous Duty P1 6M26.3 6 cyl 15.9 liters 3935 815mhp 2100rpm 750mhp 2100rpm 700mhp 2100rpm 600mhp 1800rpm MOTOR-SERVICES HUGO STAMP INC. MSHS is proud to present the Baudouin 12M26.3 and 6M26.3 marine diesel engines to the North American market. Both engines are EPA Tier 3 compliant. The 12M26.3 offers commercially up to 1650mhp 2300rpm and the 6M26.3 up to 815mhp 2100rpm. Baudouin only manufacturers marine engines and with over 100 years of experience their engines feature modern common rail Bosch injection systems individual cylinder heads crank case access doors to ease engine serviceability as well as having a compact and light design. For more information about Baudouin engines call 800-622-6747 or email or visit Baudouin 12M26.3 Baudouin 6M26.3Baudouin 6M26.3